Britain 1816-1918

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EuroDocs > History of the United Kingdom: Primary Documents > 1816 - 1918

The British Library shares posters, pamphlets, diaries, political reports, and illustrations that tell
about this seven-decade stretch of the 19th century.
(19th century; posters, pamphlets, diaries, and political reports)
Historical documentation displayed by various themes and date ranges.
(19th century; facsimiles, transcriptions and images).

Historical documentation displayed by various themes and date ranges.
(20th century; facsimiles, transcriptions and images).
Searchable and browseable access to Cabinet papers from 1915-1981.
(1915-1981; facsimiles, commentary, images, maps)
An impressive local history collection, comprising church, state, estate and personal records.
(1375 - 1854; transcriptions)
Accounts of the toll which the king of Denmark levied on shipping through the Sound between Sweden and Denmark.
Important sources for research on economic and maritime trade history in Northern Europe.
(1497-1857; searchable datasets - registration may be required to view results)
Digital version of the Hansard, the official printed transcripts of the debates that took place in the British Parliament from the 19th century onwards.
Search by keyword or browse by volume, just the Lords Sittings, Commons Sittings or Westminster Hall Sittings.
(1803-2006; transcriptions)
Facsimiles of Monthly Repository (1806-1837) and Unitarian Chronicle (1832-1833), Northern Star (1838-1852), Leader (1850-1860), English Woman’s Journal (1858-1864), Tomahawk (1867-1870). and Publishers’ Circular (1880-1890).
Ability to search and browse.
(1806-1890; English facsimiles)
Sections of the Victorian Web.
(1813 - 1892; transcriptions)
From Bodleian Library at University of Oxford.
Database of over 30,000 ballads. Browse or search here.
Also includes sound files.
(16th to 20th century; images, lyrics, and sound files)
120,000 portraits of famous British men and women from the 16th Century to the present day.
Explore the collection in a variety of ways.
(16th century - present; image facsimiles)
A photo exhibition of the British Library (though not all images were taken in Britain).
(19th century; image facsimiles with annotations)
Access courtesy of New Boston Fine and Rare Books.
(Circa 1870; 58 facsimiles of albumen photographs)
Searchable database of principal records of clerical careers from over 50 archives in England and Wales.
A part of the University of Missouri Library's Digital Library.
(17th-19th centuries; full-text searchable database of facsimiles)
Includes Ordnance Survey maps, records of higher clergy, and the Survey of London and other sources relating to civic government and urbanisation.
From British History Online
(19th century, transcriptions)
Digital collection of information about Britain's localities as they have changed over time.
Information comes from census reports, historical gazetteers, travellers' tales and historic maps.
(19th - 20th centuries; maps, reports, transcriptions)
British Empire Throughout the World Exhibited in One View
(19th Century, map)
A collection of primary documents from the Internet Modern History Sourcebook.
(19th century; transcriptions and translations)
Digitized key books and maps relating to specimens held in the Geological Collections of the Oxford University Museum of Natural History.
The collection can be searched by title, subject or name.
(17th - 19th centuries; book and manuscript facsimiles)
A collection of contemporary documents and lists.
(1546-1817; transcriptions).
Fully searchable transcripts of over 100,000 criminal trials
held in London's central criminal court.
A joint project of the University of Sheffield and the University of Hertfordshire.
(1674-1834, facsimiles & transcriptions with background essays)
Digitized from the collections of the Library of Congress.
Collection includes photographs, political cartoons, and posters.
(Searchable database of facsimiles and images)
A collection of numerous treaties and documents from the Avalon Project.
(1782-1863; English transcriptions).
Government and company documents regarding English and French interests.
(18th - 19th centuries; searchable facsimiles).
British Parliamentary papers concerned with the Canadian Arctic.
Digitised and organized by the University of Manitoba.
(1818 - 1878; searchable facsimiles).
Provincial historical documents regarding English and French interests.
Digitised by the National Library of Canada.
(19th and 20th centuries; transcriptions).
Constitutional documents, treaties, and other primary sources regarding English and French interests in Canada.
(1760 to the present; transcriptions).
Includes poor laws, various acts and amendments, lists, maps, and more.
(1601-1900; facsimiles and transcriptions)
200,000 pages of census and registration material for the British Isles with a wealth of textual and statistical material.
(1801-1937; searchable data files, essays and analysis)
A growing collaborative collection of Darwin's vast library, including his personal notes, marginalia and other annotations.
(Chiefly 19th-century; facsimiles of Darwin's annotated books, journals and pamphlets)
Two of the sketchbooks of the artist who accompanied Charles Darwin on the voyage of the Beagle.
(19th century; image facsimiles and descriptions)
Letters of Thomas Carlyle and his wife, Jane Welsh Carlyle.
Database assembled by Duke University Press to be browsed or searched.
(1812-1857; database of full-text transcriptions)
Includes other commentaries.
(16 August, 1819; English transcriptions)
Regarding the death of Napoleon and the island of St. Helena
(July 30, 1821; English transcription)
Reform of representation and voting rules for the British Parliament.
(1832; English)
19th century English Newspaper online.
(1832-1835; transcriptions)
Spoken before the House of Commons.
(4 February 1836; English transcription)
Diary of a private who fought in the Crimean War.
(1852-1856; English transcription)
Orders, accounts, documents, reports.
(October 1853 – February 1856; English transcriptions)
Diary kept of her husband's experience in the Crimean War. Duberly kept the diary from the British Army's departure from England in April 1854, to the Fall of Sebastopol in 1855.
Fanny Duberly was the wife of Henry Duberly, who took part in the Charge of the Light Brigade.
Also available here.
(1854-1855; English transcription)
Treaty ending the Crimean War.
Agreement between Austria, France, Great Britain, Prussia, Russia, Sardinia, and Turkey about peace, borders, war prisoners, and trade between countries.
Includes agreements about Black Sea and Danube use as well as territorial changes.
Modern Russian translation also available here.
(30 March 1856; Old Russian transcription; modern Russian translation)
Presented in both Houses of Parliament by command of her Majesty, 1857.
(London: Harrison and Sons, 1857)
(December 9, 1856; English transcribed excerpts from print treaty)
Agreement between European powers on the partition of West Africa.
(February 26, 1885; English)
Selection of images reflecting literary and cultural history and the role of women during the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
(18th - 19th centuries; facsimile images)
With separate portals to numerous disciplinary approaches.
See especially Victorian texts.
(Transcriptions, facsimiles, timelines and commentaries
Transcriptions of works by British women writers of the 19th century.
(19th century; transcriptions)
Visual details of a Victorian London landmark.
(1851; facsimiles)
Nota bene: For detailed panel shots of the Great Exhibition (the first "World's Fair), go to the Getty Museum's "Devices of Wonder,"
and click on the exhibition scroll (right frame).
Diaries and letters from the English side of the war.
(21 September 1854 - 19 October 1855; English transcriptions)
Records of some 10,000 letters, including copies, of James Mcneill Whistler's correspondence between 1855 and 1903.
Includes all the letters written by Whistler and all the letters written to him; letters mentioning Whistler are also included on a selective basis.
Find out more about the correspondence or search the online edition.
(1855-1903; transcriptions and footnotes)
Provides illustrations, advertisements, excerpts from contemporary articles and books.
(Transcriptions and facsimiles)
Thomas Hill Green's statement of his liberal political philosophy.
From Hanover Historical Texts Collection.
(1861; excerpts)
From Documents Illustrating Jacobite History
Digitized by Noel S. McFerran as a part of The Jacobite Heritage.
(1861; transcriptions)
(1862; Selected transcriptions)
by Helen Taylor.
(1867; English transcription)
A searchable journal featured in the Internet Library of Early Journals (ILEJ).
(1843-1863; facsimiles)
A searchable journal featured in the Internet Library of Early Journals (ILEJ).
(1849-1869; facsimiles)
Speech on the principles of the Conservative Party.
(April 3, 1872; English)
(late 19th - early 20th century; facsimiles on PDF)
Key subjects areas include transportation history, particularly railway history.
(late 19th - early 20th century; facsimiles on PDF)
Surveying and documenting life and labour in London.
(1886-1903; transcriptions and facsimiles)
A database being prepared by the National Archives.
(1901; transcribed statistics)
Also provides a search of census data from 1841-1901.
An exhibition combining images and documents with census data.
(1901; facsimiles and transcriptions).
An online list of accessible digitized newspapers.
(Browseable list database of newspaper facsimiles)
Project containing 40,000 browseable pages of newsprint digitised from microfilm, from popular newspapers such as the Daily News and the Manchester Guardian.
Advanced search option available here.
(19th to 20th centuries; English newspaper facsimiles)
Agreement between England and Russia about Persia.
(1907; English transcription)
A database and source material website.
Being developed by the Public Records Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI).
28 January 1912; transcriptions and facsimiles).
Speech to the House of Commons about banking.
(December 1913; English transcription).
Local and trade directories valuable for local and family history.
(1750 - 1919; facsimiles)
Full text of the Franco-British agreement and declaration, with a link to the Secret Articles signed at the same time.
(8 April, 1904; English version taken from the 1911 Parliamentary Papers)
Significant speech by English politician Frederick Edwin Smith.
(March 12, 1906; English)
  • British Official Documents on the Origins of the War
Multi-volume set ed. by G. P. Gooch and Harold Temperley
Vol. I, The End of British Isolation: 1897 - 1903 (University of Toronto Digital Collections)
Vol. II, The Anglo-Japanese Alliance and the Franco-British Entente (Facsimile digitized by BYU for Internet Archive)
Vol. III, The Testing of the Entente: 1904-1906 (Facsimile digitized by BYU for Internet Archive)
Vol. V, The Near East, the Macedonian Problem and the Annexation of Bosnia: 1903-1909 (Facsimile digitized by BYU for Internet Archive)
Vol. VII, The Agadir Crisis (Facsimile digitized by BYU for Internet Archive)
Vol. VIII, Arbitration, Neutrality and Security (Facsimile digitized by BYU for Internet Archive)
Vol. IX/1, The Balkan Wars: The Prelude; the Tripoli War (Facsimile digitized by BYU for Internet Archive)
Vol. IX/2, The Balkan Wars: The League and Turkey (Facsimile digitized by BYU for Internet Archive)
Vol. X/1, The Near and Middle East on the Eve of War (Facsimile digitized by BYU for Internet Archive)
Vol. XI, The Outbreak of War (Facsimile digitized by BYU for Internet Archive)
Vol. XI, 'The Outbreak of War: June 28 - August 4 1914 (HTML transcript version)
Major Resource!
(1897 - 1914; English transcriptions)
"How Britain strove for peace: A record of Anglo-German negotiations" compiled by Edward Tyas Cook, but told by "authoritative sources." Available through the Harvard University Library.
(1898-1914; English transcriptions)
Agreement between Great Britain and France with Russian consent planning the partition of Ottoman territories upon the conclusion of WWI.
(May 16, 1916; English)
Dispatches under Haig's command regarding British operations in WWI.
(19 May 1916 - 21 March 1919; English transcriptions)
"The Rainbow Book:" German White Book, Austro-Hungarian Red Book, English Blue Book, French Yellow Book, Russian Orange Book, Serbian Blue Book and Belgian Grey Book: The Negotiations Leading to War.
Ed. Max Beer (Bern: Wyss, 1915)
A chronological combination of significant documents from the diplomatic archives of the various belligerent countries.
(29 June - 4 September 1914; facsimile of 2nd edition)
Documenting events from before Sarajevo until after Versailles.
(pre-1914 - post-1918; translations and transcriptions)
Major Resource!
(4 August 1914-11 November 1918; images, English facsimiles)
A collection of primary documents from the Internet Modern History Sourcebook.
(1914-1918; transcriptions and translations)
Source materials digitised by the British National Archives.
(1914-1918; transcriptions and translations)
Online repository of over 4000 items of text, images, audio, and video.
The archive consists of collections of highly valued primary material from major poets of the period.
Browse the collections or use the advanced search.
(Facsimiles and descriptions)
Dealing mostly with the British Royal Navy in twentieth century combat.
(Pax Britannica through 20th century; principally lists, chronologies, images, and descriptions)
Britannia Internet Magazine collection of significant charters, histories, chronicles, accounts, laws and summonses.
(English transcriptions)
Over 3500 hours of newsreels (may require special software).
Preview files are free; higher resolution images require payment
(1896-1970; video files)
Subject index and abstracts of British official publications, some available in full-text format.
(1688 to the present; English transcriptions)
Over 20,000 images of objects, books, letters, aerial photographs and other items from museums, libraries and record offices in Wales.
(Medieval to 20th century; facsimiles and photographs)
A documentation project of Powys County, Wales
(Medieval to present; facsimiles, Latin and Welsh transcriptions and English transcriptions and translations)
Huge and exemplary website combining a searchable database of wills and testaments
with full transcripts of the originals and some sample facsimiles.
Includes auxiliary helps such as guides to handwriting and to Scottish occupations.
(1500-1901; facsimiles and transcripts)
Giving a geographic glimpse of London at a time just before exponential growth.
Search by map quadrants, name, or place names (including future railway termini, Thames features, etc.)
A project of Mark Annand, Bath Spa University College
(1827; interactive and zoomable maps).
Map of London in 1860; the different divisions of the city are color-coded.
(1860; zoomable map)
A project of the National Library of Scotland
(1560-1928; facsimiles).
A major online Geographic Information System for Great Britain
Combining historical atlases and gazeteers with a database of demographic and socio-economic statistics.
Directed by Humphrey Southall of the University of Portsmouth.
(Facsimiles and transcriptions).
Picture archive containing nearly 18,000 digitised images of medieval stained glass in Great Britain.
(12th - 20th centuries; images and descriptions)

EuroDocs > History of the United Kingdom: Primary Documents > 1816 - 1918

EuroDocs Creator: Richard Hacken, European Studies Bibliographer,
Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA.
Feel free to get in touch: Hacken @