History of Europe as a Supranational Region: Primary Documents




EuroDocs > History of Europe as a Supranational Region: Primary Documents


A European digital library combining many information resources.
Exhibitions
(Facsimiles, transcriptions, images, and more)
With access to digital collections from most nations of Europe.
(Facsimiles, transcriptions, images, and more)
European page of the World Documents Library.
(photos; facsimiles)
Archive primarily focused on the Cold War and severe human rights violations.
(English)
Search
Browse
(facsimiles)
(English interface)
Includes digital facsimiles of manuscripts, old printings, and newspapers.
(German interface)
Includes facsimiles of manuscripts and newspapers.
(French interface)
Includes: Letters and Manuscripts (starts pre-11th century), Facsimiles of books (starts pre-16th century), Exhibitions, and Photographs.
(Dutch interface, facsimiles in various languages)
(Facsimiles, images, Dutch interface)

Documents provided by the University of Virginia.
(facsimiles)

Basic data available by year for each country.
(1950-present; English)

Collection of national anthems.
(transcriptions and translations)

Interactive maps of megalithic and other prehistoric sites throughout Europe.
(Prehistoric)

Footnoted account of Arminius and his victory against the Romans in Teutoburg Forest
(9 AD; Latin-language commentary with sources noted)

Oldest intact European book.
Digitized by the British Library.
(698 - 4th quarter of the 13th century; Latin facsimiles)

From The Avalon Project

Administrative laws enacted under Clovis.
(ca. 500; English translation)
Considered to be the founding document of the Holy Roman Empire.
(802; English translation)
Division of the empire.
(817; English translation)
Subdivision of the central kingdom of the empire.
Marks the beginning of tension between Germany and France over border provinces.
(870; English translation)
An attempt by Henry IV to restrict feuds.
(1085: English translation)
Administrative laws for the Holy Roman Empire.
(1152-1157: English translation)

From the Internet Medieval Sourcebook.
(Transcriptions & translations)

A multinational, multilingual collection of contemporary works on Mediterranean travel and trade.
A digitization project of the Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas.
(1300-1800; facsimiles)
Accounts of the toll which the king of Denmark levied on shipping through the Sound between Sweden and Denmark.
Important sources for research on economic and maritime trade history in Northern Europe.
(1497-1857; searchable datasets - registration may be required to view results)
Documents regarding naval history
See especially Naval History, Photos of Ships and Models, and Seamanship.
(17th to 19th centuries; transcriptions and translations in various languages)

A searchable full-text database of pre-modern European peace treaties.
Facsimiles digitized and database prepared by the Institute for European History in Mainz.
Select for advanced search.
(1451-1789; facsimiles in a searchable database; German interface)

Primary Source Material Collections Online for Early Modern History
(1500-1800; transcriptions in numerous languages, mostly German)

Collection of European Source documents. Provided by Czech National Library with EU support. Primarily central European documents.
(facsimiles)

Written by Friedrich Schiller.
(1618-1648; English translation)

British Foreign Office translation at The Avalon Project
Treaty ending the Thirty Years War.
(24 October 1648, English translation)

From the Internet Modern History Sourcebook

Collection of primary documents regarding absolutism in Spain, England, and France.
(16th - 17th centuries; transcriptions and translations)
Collection of letters, newspapers, and other documents.
(15th - 18th centuries; transcriptions and translations)
Collection of documents detailing English culture, politics, and religious groups.
(16th - 18th centuries; transcriptions and translations)
Collection of documents from well-known thinkers of the Scientific Revolution.
(16th - 18th centuries; transcriptions and translations)

Transcription of the Council of Trent, an issue of numerous reform decrees in the Roman Catholic Church.
Can also be viewed by session.
Part of the Hanover Historical Texts Collection.
(1545-1563; transcription)

Various volumes and editions based on Recueil des principaux traités d'alliance, de paix, de trêve, de neutralité, de commerce, de limites, d'échanges, etc. Conclus par les puissances de l'Europe... published by Dieterich in Göttingen.
English synopsis: "Collection of Major Treaties Drawn between Various European Countries... Regarding Such Matters as Alliances, Peace, Truces, Neutrality, Commerce, Borders, Monetary Exchange, etc."
(1771-1775; text searchable Google Print facsimiles in original languages of the treaties)

Political gazettes of the 18th century, digitized along with letters and related materials.
(18th century; facsimile images)

A collection of primary documents from the Internet Modern History Sourcebook.
(17th - 18th centuries; transcriptions and translations)
A collection of primary documents from the Internet Modern History Sourcebook.
(19th - 20th centuries; transcriptions and translations)
Digital introduction to European industrial history; over 1,000 sites in 43 countries.
Available in German, Dutch, French, and English interface.
(18th to 21st centuries; facsimiles and commentary)

Posters, portraits, technical images, cartoons, and other images of balloon flights and aeronautics in Europe.
Digitized from the collections of the Library of Congress.
(1773-1910; searchable database of facsimiles)

Search
Collaboration between Ludwig-Maximilians-University (Prof. Dr. Dietmar Peil) and the Bavarian State Library (Dr. Markus Brantl).
(17th and 18th centuries; searchable database of facsimiles)

Scores of contemporary texts.
Browse by texts or by topic.
A digital archive of Stanford University Libraries
(1716-1897; scalable French-language facsimile texts)
Collection of primary documents from the Internet Modern History Sourcebook.
(16th to 19th centuries; transcriptions and translations)
Collections of primary documents from the Internet Modern History Sourcebook.
(18th to 19th centuries; transcriptions and translations)
List of world constitutions. Facsimiles accessible for free.
(1776-1849)

A collection of primary documents from the Internet Modern History Sourcebook.
(18th - 19th centuries; transcriptions and translations)

A collection of primary documents from the Internet Modern History Sourcebook.
(19th century; transcriptions and translations)

A collection of primary documents from the Internet Modern History Sourcebook.
(1848-1849; transcriptions and translations)

A collection of primary documents from the Internet Modern History Sourcebook.
(19th century; transcriptions and translations)

from the Marx & Engels Internet Archive
(1835-1895; English translations)

A collection of primary documents from the Internet Modern History Sourcebook.
(18th - 20th centuries; transcriptions and translations)

A collection of primary documents from the Internet Modern History Sourcebook.
(18th - 20th centuries; transcriptions and translations)

Bielefeld [u.a.]: Velhagen & Klasing 1886.
Historical atlas digitized by Monumenta Germaniae Historica.
(Tribal migrations through 18th century; facsimile maps with commentary, mainly of Germany and Europe)
Provided by the University of Texas Libraries.
(393 AD - 19th century; facsimiles)
Historical and geographical maps of Europe over the last two thousand years.
See especially Antique Maps.
(1 AD - 1700; facsimiles)
From the Institut für europäische Geschichte (Mainz, Germany).
(Facsimiles and textual commentaries).
Part of Philippe Vandermaelen's Atlas Universel
(1827; statistics and maps)
Search maps by year or by city.
(15th to 19th centuries; facsimiles)
Historic Maps of Europe
Provided by the Institut Cartogràfic de Catalunya.
(16th to 21st centuries; map facsimiles)
Easy to search for maps from specific regions on the interactive map.
See specifically the Historic Europe maps.
(Facsimiles)

Provided by the Jewish National and University Library.
Ketubbot are marriage contracts that provide rich source material on European Jewish history, customs and art.
Searchable by country.
(15th to 20th centuries; mostly Hebrew facsimiles)

A collection of primary documents from the Internet Modern History Sourcebook.
(18th - 20th centuries; transcriptions and translations)

Documenting events from before Sarajevo until after Versailles.
(pre-1914 to post-1918; translations and transcriptions)
Use right hand navigation bar to browse various documents.
(pre-1914-1918; English facsimiles and transcriptions)
Use right hand navigation bar to browse various documents.
(pre-1914-1918; English facsimiles and transcriptions)
Pre-1914
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
post-1919
(pre-1914 to post-1919; English transcriptions and translations)
(1914-1919; facsimiles, Russian transcriptions)
A collection of primary documents from the Internet Modern History Sourcebook.
(1914-1918; transcriptions and translations)
Digital primary documents assembled at Mount Holyoke College.
(1914-1919; transcriptions and translations)

Digital primary documents assembled at Mount Holyoke College.
(1918-1941; transcriptions and translations)

About 260 full-text documents provided by Northwestern University Library.
Browse by title or by year.
(1919-1946; facsimiles and transcriptions in various languages)
Includes a League of Nations Timeline and Documents of the League.
In cooperation between the League of Nations Archive in Geneva and Indiana University Center for the Study of Global Change.
(1919-1939; images, transcriptions, and commentary)

Collection of World War II historical documents.
(English; 1922-2012)

"Chronological history of certain major international events leading up to and during World War II with the ostensible reasons advanced for their occurrence."
(1931-1944; transcription)

From the Internet Modern History Sourcebook

Covers from The Treaty of Versailles through the Depression in Europe and the U.S.
(1919-1933; transcriptions and translations)
Documents regarding European culture and political turmoil during the interwar period.
(1913 to 1957; transcriptions and translations)
Specifically provides documents about fascism in Italy and Spain.
(transcriptions and translations)
Collection of documents important to the rise of national socialism.
(1919-1939; transcriptions and translations)

Treaties, Declarations, Instruments of Surrender, and similar documents from World War II.
Documents categorized by year.
(Pre-War period to 1945; transcriptions)

See especially The British War Blue Book, French Diplomatic Documents, and Nazi-Soviet Relations.
(1938-1945; English translations)
Part of The Avalon Project.
(1938 to 1947; transcriptions and English translations)
Especially see documents.
Also includes videos, images. Browse various collections.
(1939-1945; Dutch interface, facsimiles, videos, and images)
A collection of primary documents from the Internet Modern History Sourcebook.
Documents from pre-war and post-war periods, as well.
(1939-1945; transcriptions and translations)
Links to over 400 WWII archives.
(1939-1945; Dutch interface)
Search
(1939-1945; Images, Dutch interface)

Photographs from the United Kingdom and France during the D-Day period.
(1944; images and descriptions)
Encyclopaedia Britannica's guide to the Normandy invasion of 1944.
See especially oral histories from veterans, newsreels and combat footage, and photographs.
(1943-1944; transcriptions, audio, video, images, commentaries)
Documents provided by Eisenhower Presidential Library.
(1943-1944; facsimiles and photos)
Photographic collection of documents relating to D-Day.
(1944; images and French-language descriptions)
Daily battle communiques from Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force Europe (SHAEF).
Searchable database with full-text facsimiles.
(6 June 1944 to 8 May 1945; text-searchable facsimiles)

An exhibition of the Library of Congress.
(Photographs, facsimiles, translations, and transcriptions)
George C. Marshall Foundation in cooperation with Google Cultural Institute
(1945-1947; photographs, posters, images of documents)

This NARA finding guide leads to primary and secondary documentation.
It includes recently declassified information.

Browse by subject headings.
A web treasure of the National Yiddish Book Center
(Yiddish-language book facsimiles)
An online linguistic and cultural atlas of Ashkenazic Jewry with an interactive map of spoken samples
[Audio samples, over 6,000 hours]
An online collection of Yiddish documents, music, voice recordings, and so forth.

Database access to Jewish newspapers by location, language, and title.
(19th century to present day; facsimile newspaper images)

  • Foreign relations between Europe and the US
Documents from US State Department and University of Wisconsin-Madison.
The Conference of Berlin (Postdam Conference)
Briefing book on foreign affairs of European countries
General European questions and recommendations
European issues
International Communism
(17 July to 2 August 1945; English transcriptions)
Council of foreign ministers
First session, London, 11 September 1945-2 October 1945
Moscow, 16-26 December 1945
Second session, part one, Paris 25 April-16 May 1946
Second session, part two, Paris 15 June-12 July 1946
Third session, New York, 4 November-12 December 1946
1947
1949
Protecting historic and artistic monuments in war areas, 1945
Postwar mine clearance in European waters, 1945
Establishing international administration for European inland waterways, 1945
US concern for displaced and stateless persons and refugees, 1945
European Inland Transport Conference
Includes formation of the European Inland Transport Organization.
(10 October 1944-27 September 1945)
Establishing the European Coal Organization, 1945
US participation in European Advisory Commission, 1945
US Foreign Assistance
Financial program for war-devastated and liberated countries, 1946
Discussion about world food shortage, 1946
1947
1948
1949
1953
Paris Peace Conference, 29 July-15 October 1946
Proceedings
Documents
General US-Europe relations, 1946
1946
1947
US relations with Eastern Europe
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
US trade policy, 1951
1952-1954
1955-1957
1958-1960
1961-1963
1964-1968
1968-1973
1973-1977
US relations with Western Europe
1947
1949
1950
1951
1952-1954
Economic growth, 1958-1960
1964-1968
1969-1973
US foreign relations in atomic energy developments
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
Political and economic integration, 1955-1957
Discussion of CoCom issues
25 August 1952
22 September 1952
The US and Western European Security, 1952-1954
Part 1
Part 2
Special report by US psychological board, 11 September 1953
US security estimate of world through 1955; 23 October 1953
US Immigration policy, especially for Iron Curtain refugees; 1952 to 16 November 1954
European chiefs of mission meetings, 1955 and 1957
Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty, 1969-1972
US documents on European Security, 1969-1977
(1945-1977; English transcriptions)

Churchill's speech popularizing the notion of the "iron curtain." Delivered at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri.
From the Selected Speeches of Winston Churchill.
(March 5, 1946; transcription, audio, and video)

Digitized manuscripts: scientific, non-scientific, and travel writings.
Search the archives for digitized documents.
(ca. 1901-1955; mostly German and English facsimiles)

Part of The Avalon Project.
(1948-1955; transcriptions)

Includes international as well as European treaties.
(1963-1995; English transcriptions)

Documents from The Avalon Project.
(1941 to present; transcriptions and translations)
Collection of documents regarding international relations during the years just following World War II.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(1939-1950; English transcriptions)
Sponsored by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.
Browsable by collections or by themes.
(1917-1991; facsimiles, transcriptions, and translations)
Also from the Wilson Center.
(English; 1945-1989)

Declassified military materials from the Communist Bloc.
Includes records from the Warsaw Pact, NATO, and Cold War Crises.
(1955-1989; facsimiles, transcriptions, and translations)

Treaty between all NATO and Warsaw Pact nations.
(November 19, 1990; English)

Both legal and political documents, searchable by year.
Provided by the NATO Online Library.
(1945 to present; English transcriptions)
Organized by year.
Provided by the NATO Online Library.
(1949 to present; transcriptions)

Collection of 23 documents about both NATO and the Warsaw Pact.
Provided by The National Security Archive at George Washington University.
(1952 to present; transcriptions and translations)

Collection of 15 documents from the conference that concluded with the signing of the Helsinki Final Act.
Topics addressed include European security, the Soviet desire to maintain control over the Eastern bloc, and the needs of the Warsaw Pact countries.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(1968-1976; English transcriptions and facsimiles)

Collection of documents regarding intelligence issues during the Cold War.
Most documents come from Soviet bloc countries' archives, especially Bulgarian intelligence records.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(1930-2007; transcriptions and facsimiles)

Collection of documents regarding the collapse of the Soviet Union and the resulting changes in Eastern Europe and elsewhere.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(1986-1990; English transcriptions and facsimiles)

Presented by the Hellenic Resources Network.
(4 November 1950; English version).
Speech given at the White House as part of the Millennium Lecture series.
Part of the Great Speeches Collection by The History Place.
(12 April 1999; English transcription and audio)

Interactive index to multilateral treaties, agreements, and conventions.
(1899 to present; English transcriptions)

Includes Treaties of Paris, Rome, Maastricht, Amsterdam, and many others.
See also the Federalist Documents.
Large, up-to-date collection.
(1930 to present; transcriptions and numerous translations)

See also an introduction to the treaty.
(December 2000, signed 26 February 2001; English transcription)
(Transcriptions)
Searchable database of the latest press releases from the EU and the European Commission.
(2005 to present; transcriptions in various languages)
Official EU data portal, providing a wide range of EU-level data enabling comparisons between European countries and other regions.
Statistics also organized by nine primary themes.
(Transcriptions and interactive charts)

Official Documents of the European Union:

Primary English-language access; other languages available. Also includes historical EC documents.
(Transcriptions available in several languages)
Legal texts and documentation.
(Transcriptions available in several languages)
(Transcriptions)
A compilation of documents on the history and institutions of the European Union.
Main focus on European Integration studies.
French or English interface.
(1945 to present; French and English transcriptions facsimiles, audio, video, cartoons, interviews, interactive maps and diagrams)
Access to official European Union documents, as well as related research materials.
Provided by the University of Pittsburgh.
Searchable by year and by country.
(1946 to present; transcriptions)
Collections of treaties, international agreements, case-law, and other similar documents.
Interface available in 23 languages, including English.
(Transcriptions)
Visual documentation of the European Union, particularly its parliament.
(Contemporary history; video clips, online interviews, etc.)

Aims to preserve the whole European Digital Cultural Heritage, and offers access to archived websites and multimedia materials.
Part of the LiWA (Living Web Archive Project).
(Audio, video, and links to other databases)

Document collection of PACE.
(English)

Current and archival reports on public opinion polls sponsored by the European Commission.
(1973 to present; data files)
Includes all documents produced by the EESC, searchable with an opinion search tool.
(2005 to present; transcripts and translations)

Basic texts, communiques, and press releases.
(1954 to present; transcriptions)

Includes essays of several important economic thinkers.
From Austria, England, France, Germany, Italy, and other countries.
(English transcriptions and translations)

Over 3,500 hours of newsreels. May require other software download.
Preview files are free; higher resolution images require payment.
(1896-1970; video files)

"An independent think tank at the cutting edge of EU affairs"
View recent publications or search by year.
(1998 to present; transcriptions)
Publications available for viewing in PDF format.
(1995 to present; transcriptions)

Includes press releases, speeches, newsletters, meeting agendas, and other documents under "Information Resources."
Search publications by year or language.
(1991 to present; transcriptions)

Database created by Anne Burnett.
Includes annotated hyperlinks to documents of Council of Europe institutions and entities.
(1949 to present; transcriptions)

See especially Basic Documents and Archives.
Provided by the Center for European Studies.
(transcriptions)

Includes online papers of institutes ranging from the Max Planck Institute to the Harvard Law School.
(1993 to present; transcriptions)

Includes international treaties, laws, and legal codes.
(Transcriptions and translations).

A collection of excerpts from various epochs in European history.
Especially strong in French and Swiss history sources.
(French transcriptions and translations)

A major digital library of the European Union.
(Facsimiles, transcriptions, images, videos, and more in multilingual interfaces)
Includes documents from the Hague and Geneva conventions.
From The Avalon Project.
(19th century to present; transcriptions and translations)
From The Avalon Project.
(16th to 19th centuries; transcriptions and translations)

Including country-by-country lists of online legal resources.
Provided by New York University's Law Library.
(Translations and transcriptions)
Includes treaties, legislation, and documents.
Provided by the T.M.C. Asser Institute.
(Transcriptions, mostly English)

Includes primary and secondary documents, provided by Don Mabry.
(Transcriptions, facsimiles, and commentaries, mostly in English)

Images of currency from various countries in Eastern Europe.

A source for current events affecting Europe as a whole and individual European countries.
Available in English, German, Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, or Russian.
(Transcriptions and videos)

An interactive database on quality of life in Europe with some longitudinal data available.
(1990s to present; searchable datasets)
Surveys about religion and morality, politics, work and leisure, and relationships.
(1981 to present; survey results)
Country-by-country information regarding questions of asylum, immigration, and political protection.
Also includes general country information in a number of quality-of-life categories.

A clickable map to flags at national, subnational, and local levels, plus maritime and other historical flags.
Select "show flag" under map of Europe and hover over country to view flag.
(Facsimiles and commentaries)

See Also:


Documents from The Avalon Project.
(1922-1926; transcriptions and translations).
Documents from The Avalon Project.
(1899 to present; transcriptions and translations).

Documents from The Avalon Project arranged chronologically.
(1945 to present; transcriptions and translations)
Contains all types of United Nations documentation. Does not contain sales publications or press releases.
(transcriptions; available in multiple languages)
UN record of Security Council Resolutions by year.
(1946-Present; English)
(1945; English transcription)

Digitally remastered from the original KSD studio recording master disks.
Digital remastering removes scratches and heavy surface noise typical of 78-RPM records, balancing artifact generation against quality of the original recording.
There is some dropout at times, which is on the original recording.
This radio broadcast is dated April 27, 1945. There were 3 disks to the set.
Disk 1 contained the commentary of Charles G. Ross, contributing editor of the St. Louis Post Dispatch.
The recording is only of disks 2 and 3. The recording begins with disk 2 at the end of Mr. Ross's commentary.
This radio broadcast is dated May 4, 1945. There were 3 disks to the set.
Disk 1 contained the commentary of Charles G. Ross, contributing editor of the St. Louis Post Dispatch.
The recording is only of disks 2 and 3. The recording begins with disk 2 at the end of Mr. Ross's commentary.
(April-May 1945; large audio files -- best played with broadband reception).

Full text searching of United Nations Educations, Scientific, and Cultural Organization documents.
(1995 to present; transcriptions)

Includes official documents as well as other texts and agreements.
(1941 to present; transcriptions)

System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe.
Covers pure and applied science and technology, economics, other sciences and humanities.
Available in French and English interface.
(Transcriptions in various languages)

Links to the websites of each former president's of the European Parliament. These sites include their speeches.
(English; 1952-2012)

EuroDocs > History of Europe as a Supranational Region: Primary Documents



EuroDocs Creator: Richard Hacken, European Studies Bibliographer,
Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA.
Feel free to get in touch: eurodocs @ byu.edu