History of Finland: Primary Documents

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EuroDocs > History of Finland: Primary Documents

Finland through 1700

Documents from Finland under Swedish rule, Russian rule, independence, and the Winter War.
(Finnish, Swedish, German transcriptions with English translations; 1249-1944)
Provided by the Latvian National Library.
(16th to 18th centuries; map facsimiles and descriptions)
Papal Bull concerning defence of Finland against Russian attacks.
(Latin; 1232)

Finland 1700 to Present

Database of digitized Finnish newspapers published from 1771-1900.
Browse the database by newspaper title or by topic.
(1771-1900; facsimiles)
Alexander I declares Finland part of Russia without waiting for the end of the 1808-1809 Russia-Finland War.
(5 (17) June 1808; Old Russian facsimile, modern Russian translation)
Documents regarding Finland's autonomy and independence, as well as other Finnish history documents.
(1808-1992; Finnish transcriptions)
National Anthem of Finland. Originally written in Swedish.
(Finnish and Swedish with English translation; 1848)
The national epic of Finland, instrumental in galvanizing patriotism in Finland. Largely based on previously existing legend. Written by Elias Lönnrot.
(1849; Finnish)
The power manifesto of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, removing "local" legislation from the Grand Duchy of Finland.
(15 February 1899; English translation)
Concerning the procedure to be complied with issuing laws and decrees of all-Empire significance for Finland.
Consolidates Russian control.
Also available in French.
(30 June 1910; English translation)
Signed by Russian officials following the abdication of Nicholas II.
Also available in Russian.
(20 March 1917; English translation)
Photos from Gustaf Hallström's early 20th century research trips.
Cultural history vignettes from northern Sweden, Norway, and Finland.
Posted by the Umeå University Library.
(1907-1926; photo facsimiles and diary transcriptions)
Provides secondary introduction as well as the text of the Ems Telegram recognizing the independence of Finland.
(18 December 1917; English translation)
Also available in Russian.
(18-23 December 1917; English translations)
Includes speeches by Stalin and documents from Finland's independence.
(1917-1918; English translations)
Information on the Soviet invasion of Finland 1939-1940.
(30 November 1939 to 14 March 1940; maps, transcriptions, commentary)
(1939-1940; Russian transcriptions, English translations)
(1939-1940; English, German, and Russian transcriptions and translations)
Over 100,000 photos of Finland during the wars of independence (during the time called World War II elsewhere).
(1939-1945; searchable database of photographic reproductions)
Confirmed border between Finland and Soviet Uniion
(October 14th, 1920; English)
Interwar non-aggression pact. Continuation agreement here.
(January 21, 1932; English)
Treaty between Soviet Union and Finland ending the Winter War.
(March 12, 1940; English)
(Autumn 1941; English transcriptions)
Treaty between Finland and Soviet Union ending the Continuation War.
(September 19, 1944; English)
  • Foreign relations between Finland and the US
Documents from US State Department and University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Paris Peace Conference: US draft treaties with Italy, Rumania, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Finland; 29 July-15 October 1946
(1945-1972; English transcriptions)
Treaty and other documents concerning Finland's admission to the European Union. Part of EUR-Lex, a service of the European Union.
(1972; mainly English)
British policy and perceptions towards Finland during the:
(1939-1956; English transcriptions)

Finland: Regional, Local and Family History

Collection of records for Finnish family history.
Kurkijoki is located in Karelia.
(22 June 1941 - 19 September 1941; Russian transcription)

Finnish Legal and Governmental Documents

Found on left-hand side of page.
(1907-1992; Finnish transcriptions)
From the Etusivu Finnish Ministry of Justice with amendments through 1999.
Finnish and Swedish text versions, as well as translations into English and other languages.
(11 June 1999; transcriptions and translations)
(11 June 1999; English translation)
Publications, speeches, press releases and statements.
(English translations and access to Finnish transcriptions)
Collection of Finnish Laws.
Statutes, criminal and civil codes, and other legal materials.
A portal of the BYU Law School.
Library of Congress guide to constitutional, legal, and government documents.
(Transcriptions and translations)
Links to related genealogical sources.
(English interface)

Other Finnish History Source Collections

Various digitization projects by the National Library.
Finnish historical documents from the Library of Parliament.
(Finnish transcriptions)
Documents from Swedish rule, Russian rule, and since independence.
(1200 to the present; Finnish transcriptions)
One of the earliest accurate maps of the Scandinavian peninsula.
(1572; zoomable map)
Collection of historical maps of Finland.
Collection of historical maps of Europe.
(facsimiles; Hungarian)
Finish page of the World Documents Library.
(photos; facsimiles)
Collection of peace agreements entered into by Finland.
Includes primary and secondary documents, provided by Don Mabry.
(Transcriptions, facsimiles and commentaries, mostly in English)
Collection of historical documents on recent Finnish history, especially in relation to Russia.
Digital Archive of Finnish Folk Tunes
Digitised collection of over 8600 Finnish folk tunes collected in the 19th century.
Search by keyword, collection, musical type, geographical location and musical content.
A History of Nordic Travel.
(16th to 20th centuries; facsimiles, transcriptions, maps)
Searchable database of Finnish newspapers articles.
(May 2000 to present day; English transcriptions)
Also contains a collection of coats of arms for other European countries and principalities.
Digital archives of Finnish state archives.
Manifestations of Europe in archival documents.
See especially Helsinki documents.
(Facsimiles and English summaries)
Data from Finnish censuses.

EuroDocs > History of Finland: Primary Documents

EuroDocs Creator: Richard Hacken, European Studies Bibliographer,
Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA.
Feel free to get in touch: eurodocs @ byu.edu