History of Iceland: Primary Documents

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EuroDocs > History of Iceland: Primary Documents

Icelandic sagas in various languages.
This mourning poem is for the son of the Viking, Rollo.
It serves as "an excellent laboratory in medieval philology".
(943; Latin facsimiles and variant text transcriptions with English and German translations)
Collection of translations and transcriptions of an old type of Norse-Icelandic poetry. Includes historical narratives.
(English translations)

Originally written in Old Norse by the poet and historian Snorri Sturluson.
(850-1177, written ca. 1225; English translation)

Book of Settlements includes mention of the discovery of Iceland. Also available in Icelandic.
(10th century; English translation)

Early chronicle by an Icelandic priest.
(12th century; English translation)

Medieval Laws of Iceland.
(13th century; Icelandic)

Book of Icelandic Law.
(1281; Icelandic with English translation)

The first part of the Sturlunga saga. Available as Geirmundar þáttr heljarskinns in Icelandic.
(1300; English)

Excerpts from the largest old Icelandic codex.
Also includes manuscripts and texts for the Hauk Book and various Vatican manuscripts.
(Icelandic manuscript and text with English and Danish translations; 1387)

Data from Húnavatnssýsla region on land, property and estates.
From the National Archives of Iceland.
(14th-20th century; Icelandic)

Saga relating to the discovery of Greenland. Mythical elements. Icelandic translation also available.
(14th century; Old Norse)

(1461-1510; Icelandic facsimile)

Icelandic chronicles and sagas from the beginnings.
(Up through 1578; transcriptions and commentary)
See especially those sagas marked with an Icelandic flag.
(Old Norse transcriptions)
Provided by Berkeley's Online Medieval & Classical Library.
Scroll to "Icelandic Old Norse" for saga texts.
(English translations)
Provided by the Perseus Collection.
Particularly strong in Old Norse sagas.
Note: Diacritics on the main page are illegible.
(9th to 13th centuries; Old Norse transcriptions)

(1639-1674; Latin facsimile)

Autobiography of Jørgen Jørgensen, a Danish adventurer who declared himself ruler of Iceland for a short time.
(1835; English translation)

National Anthem of Icelandic. Adopted in 1944.
(Icelandic with English translation; 1874)

Oral history archives of Iceland. Citizens recount growing up in Iceland in the early 1900s.
(20th century; Icelandic audio)
The Constitution of Iceland.
(17 June 1944 with updates through 2002; Icelandic original).
(17 June 1944 with updates through 1999; English translation)

Collection of laws provided by the Icelandic Althing (Parliament).
Collection of Icelandic Laws.
Statutes, criminal and civil codes, and other legal materials.
A portal of the BYU Law School.
Library of Congress guide to constitutional, legal, and government documents.

Manifestations of Europe in archival documents.
See especially documents under Reykjavik.
(Facsimiles and English summaries)
Materials on the culture, government and history of Iceland.
Includes summary statistics 1703-1890.
(Facsimiles and transcriptions)
Online repository of the city archives in Reykjavík.
Includes primary and secondary documents, provided by Don Mabry.
(Transcriptions, facsimiles and commentaries, mostly in English)

All maps held by the National and University Library of Iceland.
(1544-1944; facsimiles)
Collection of historical maps of Iceland.

Maps of the North Atlantic from "Vinland" to Greenland, Iceland, Norway and Denmark.
Digitized by the Danish Royal Library.
(1570; facsimiles)

A History of Nordic Travel.
(16th to 20th centuries; facsimiles, transcriptions, maps)

Searchable census records.
Covers censuses from 1703, 1835, 1840, 1845, 1850, 1855, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1890, 1901, 1910 and 1920.
From the National Archives of Iceland.
(1703-1920; Icelandic records)
Mainly records from churches and of people.
(Icelandic transcriptions)
(1811-1981; Icelandic facsimiles)
Excerpts from this important peace treaty between Great Britain and Sweden on one side and Denmark and Norway on the other.
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(1814; Swedish)
Icelandic nationalist journal which agitated for independence.
(1835-1847; Icelandic)
Early constitution of Iceland.
(January 24, 1874; Iceland)
Filing of local residents from 1880-1893. Includes birth and death records.
(1880-1893; Icelandic facsimile)
Documents concerning the conflict over fishing rights between Great Britain and Iceland.
(1889-1976; Iceland)
(1889-1895; Icelandic facsimiles)

List of digitized newspapers in Icelandic and Danish.
(1696-2002; Icelandic facsimiles)
Digitized newspaper facsimiles.
(2 November 1913 to 31 October 2011; Icelandic facsimiles)

Records of farm land lottery from 1914.
(1914; Icelandic facsimiles)

  • Foreign relations between Iceland and the US
Documents from US State Department and University of Wisconsin-Madison.
US security interest in Greenland, Iceland, and Spitsbergen (Svalbard), 17 January 1947
US policy for polar regions, including Iceland, Greenland, Alaska, and areas of Siberia, 1947
(1945-1960; English transcriptions)

Icelandic page of the World Documents Library.
(photos; facsimiles)

Searchable archives database.
(1703-1920; Icelandic)
Franklin D. Roosevelt's address to congress regarding U.S. troops occupying Iceland.
(July 7, 1941; English)
Census data from Iceland.
(1950-present; English)
Cold war agreement in which the US takes responsibility for the defense of Iceland.
(May 5, 1951; English)

Links to various collections of historical archives.
(Icelandic facsimiles)

Also contains a collection of coats of arms for other European countries and principalities.

EuroDocs > History of Iceland: Primary Documents

EuroDocs Creator: Richard Hacken, European Studies Bibliographer,
Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA.
Feel free to get in touch: Hacken @ byu.edu