History of Montenegro: Primary Documents

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EuroDocs > History of Montenegro: Primary Documents

Montenegro: 10th century to creation of Yugoslavia

Excerpt from the work of Eastern Roman Emperor Constantine VII.
(10th century; Greek)
Compiled by John B. Markus.
(1101-1929; Serbian facsimiles and maps)
Chronicle of some historical value, but many parts are dubious.
(14th century; Croatian translation)
Mariano Bolizza's (public servant from Venice) detailed description of towns and villages in Montenegro and Albania.
Lists amount of houses in villages and towns.
Discusses tension between Ottoman authorities and Kelmendi tribe.
(1604-1614; English translation)
Marino Bizzi's (Archbishop of Bar, Montenegro) descriptions of Turkey, Montenegro, Albania, and Serbia.
Describes people, geography, and living conditions of these areas.
(1610; English translation, images)
Ottoman writer Evliya Chelebi (Çelebi) gives an account of travels through Northern Albania and Montenegro.
(1662; English translation)
(1697-1908; images, site in Serbian)
Historically important letters and speeches from Montenegro.
Letters of the Prince of Montenegro.
(18th century; Serbian)
Document contains description of the people of Montenegro, addressing to Catherine the Great.
(1776-1778; transcription in the Russian language)
Speeches of Petar I Petrovic Njegos (Saint Petar of Cetinje) to Montenegrins before battles against Turks on Martinici (June 1796) and on Krusa (9 September 1796).
(June 1796- 9 September 1796; English translations)
Early 19th century legal code.
(August 17, 1803; Serbian)
Description of the revolt by the witness.
(19th century; transcription in the Russian language)
Issued during the reign of Petar II Petrovic Njegos.
(1836; Serbian facsimile)
Newspaper involved in the illyrian movement to form a united Yugoslavia.
(1841; Bosnian)
(Serbian facsimile; 1847)
Article is from the military magazine.
(1849; transcription in the Russian language)
Agreement to make a single Yugoslav dialect standard.
(March 28 1850; Croatian)
Legal code of Danilo Prince of Montenegro.
(1855; Serbian)
Ended Russian-Ottoman war of 1877-8.
Serbia, Romania, and Montenegro receive independence from the Ottoman Empire (previously had autonomous status).
Bulgaria, Bosnia, and Herzegovina gained autonomy.
Turkish troops withdraw from Bulgaria and Russia.
English translation available here.
(19 February (3 March) 1878; modern Russian translation)
Treaty ending Russo-Turkish war. This excerpt establishes the independence of Montenegro.
(July 13, 1878; English)
Regarding the struggle for liberation in western Macedonia and Kosovo in the 19th century.
(1878-1881; transcription in the Russian language)
Facsimiles of school certificates, journals, letters, and St. Sava celebration programs.
(1889-1929; Serbian facsimiles)
Collection of documents about the communist revolutionary and leader.
(1892-1980; English translations)
Site contains different documents and witnesses about relations between Montenegro and Russian Empire.
(1873-1910; transcription in the Russian language)
Searchable book-length travel reports digitized at the University of Michigan.
(19th to 20th century; hundreds of facsimiles in many languages)
  • Montenegrin School Records
Cover of school grammar book, 1900
State Gimnasium Certificate, 1902
Church School Certificate, 1905
Public School Certificate, 1908
Church School Certificate, 1909
Page of school record book, 1908-1909
Public School Certificate, 1911
(1900-1911; Serbian facsimiles)
Memoirs of a tourist.
(March 1904; transcription in the Russian language)
Old code of laws.
(1905; Serbian)
Timeline (with newspaper facsimiles) of Montenegrin flag.
(1905-2004; Serbian facsimiles)
Published in Montenegrin Government newspaper "Glas Crnogorca."
(15 August 1910; Serbian facsimile)
English translation.
(28 August 1910; Serbian facsimile, English translation)

Montenegro: Creation of Yugoslavia to Present

Agreement leading to the creation of Yugoslavia.
(20 July 1917; English translation)
Interactive map, browse cases geographically.
The cases
Includes selected transcriptions and court decision documents.
List of judgements, case outcomes
(1918-1992; English transcriptions, documents)
The Montenegrin assembly (the Skupshtina) deposes of Montenegrin King Nicolas for Serbian King Peter.
Declares Montenegrin intention to join Yugoslavia.
(1 December 1918; English translation)
Treaty establishing borders between Italy and Yugoslavia.
(November 12, 1920; English)
First constitution of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
(June 28, 1921; Croatian)
English translation
Letter from Krsto Popović to King Aleksandar Karadjordjevic asking for a pardon from responsibility for civil war in Montenegro from December of 1918 until King Nikola's death.
Passport of Krsto Popović, issued by Belgium.
(23 September 1929; Serbian transcription, French facsimile)
Constitution of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
(September 3, 1931; English translation)
Maps of concentration camps, division, and invasion routes in Yugoslavia.
(1933-1943; English facsimiles)
Photos from WWII Yugoslavia.
(1939-1945; Serbian facsimiles, English maps)
Soviet-era constitution of Yugoslavia.
(January 31, 1946; English translation)
Documents collected by Soviet Yugoslavia on the uprising in Montenegro.
(1950; Serbian)
  • Foreign relations between the Montenegro and the US
Documents from US State Department and University of Wisconsin-Madison.
(1945-1976; English transcriptions)
Declassified CIA documents from Cold War Era Hard Target Analysis.
(3 November 1958; PDF facsimiles)
Photographs from the JDC Archives.
(1980s, 1990s; images, English interface)
Constitution adopted after the fall of the Iron Curtain.
(October, 12, 1992; English translation)
Official decisions of the Arbitration Commission of the Peace Conference on Yugoslavia. They provide guidance on the application of international law during the breakup of Yugoslavia.
(1992; English)
Official decisions of the Arbitration Commission of the Peace Conference on Yugoslavia. They provide guidance on the application of international law during the breakup of Yugoslavia.
(1993; English)
(3 June 1999; English translation, Serbian interface)

Montenegro: Governmental and Legal Documents

Collection of Montenegrin Laws.
Library of Congress guide to constitutional, legal, and government documents.
Montenegrin page of the World Documents Library.
(photos; facsimiles)
Map of the Balkans as they were organized at the end of World War I, after the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
(1918; zoomable map)
Document signed by states in the Balkans to facilitate further negotiations during the breakup of Yugoslavia.
(July 18, 1991, English translation)
National anthem of Montenegro. Adopted in 2004.
(Montenegrin with English translation; 2004)
Referendum question and results for the division of Montenegro and Serbia.
(May 21, 2006; English)
Modern constitution of Montenegro, replaced constitution of 1992.
(October 19, 2007; English translation)
Also contains a collection of coats of arms for other European countries and principalities.
Collection of Montenegrin Laws.
(Montenegrin and English; Transcriptions)

Montenegro: Maps, Collections, and Databases

Collection of historical maps of Montenegro.
Collection of historical maps of Europe.
(facsimiles; Hungarian)
Documents from the former state of Yugoslavia.
Document collection of Montenegrin documents.
(Serbian; facsimiles and transcriptions)
Collection of peace agreements entered into by Montenegro.
Collection of historical documents on recent Yugoslav history, especially in relation to Russia.
Chronicle of Montenegrin history sprinkled with source documents.
Parallel Serbo-Croatian and English pages.
(Middle Ages to present; facsimiles, transcriptions, translations, audio and video files)

EuroDocs > History of Montenegro: Primary Documents

EuroDocs Creator: Richard Hacken, European Studies Bibliographer,
Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA.
Feel free to get in touch: eurodocs @ byu.edu