Russian Revolution, Civil War and USSR 1917-1991

Flag of Russia


EuroDocs > History of Russia: Primary Documents > Russian Revolution, Civil War and USSR 1917-1991


Documents of October Revolution, Civil War, Red terror, regional movement, and directives of RSDLP(b).
(1910-1919; Russian transcription)
Manifestos, petitions and other political documents.
(20th century; English translation)
International and local legal documents of the USSR.
(1883-1936; Russian transcription)
Documents from generals Karnilov and Denikin from their time in Southern Russian Empire.
(1917-1919; Russian transcription)
Images of Lenin with commentaries.
(1917-1924; images, commentaries in Russian; broken)
Government policy for obtaining grain from peasants.
(1917-1939; images, Russian commentaries and transcription)

Speeches and images of Trotsky.
Discussion of Trotsky's government activity.
(1917-1940; images, Russian commentaries and transcription)
Project hosted by the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek in Munich which has key 20th century Russian and Soviet Union historical documents.
(1917-1991; facsimiles, German translations)
RDRLP (B) calls for revolution of workers and peasants.
(1917; Russian facsimile)
Lenin declares rights for national minorities of Russia.
(November 15, 1917; Russian transcription)
(18 December 1917; English translation)
Also available in Russian.
(18 - 23 December 1917; English translation)
Collection of digitized materials selected from the Harvard Project on the Soviet Social System (HPSSS), consisting chiefly of summary transcripts of 705 interviews conducted with refugees from the USSR during the early years of the Cold War.
(1917 to mid-1940s; interview page images accompanied by text files, manuals and guides)
Posters designed by V. Lebedev for the windows of ROSTA, the state news agency of Soviet Russia.
From Dartmouth Digital Library Initiatives.
(1917-1922; color facsimiles and brief descriptions)

Posters of the Russian Civil War, 1918-1922

From New York Public Library's Digital Library.
(1918-1922; facsimiles of posters, placards and broadsides)
Documents from General Karnilov's time in the Southern Russian Empire.
(1918-1919; Russian transcription)
Documents about military communism
(1918-1921; images, Russian commentaries)
(1918-1921; transcription in Russian)
Documents contains information about autonomy of the area.
(March 23, 1918; transcription in Russian; broken site blank)
Document contains information centralization system of the archives and transition them under the leadership of the Soviet government.
(June 1, 1918; transcription in Russian)
Site contains information, images, and fragments of the documents about court cases of Orthodox priests in Saratov.
(1918; images, commentaries, transcription in Russian)
Site contains multiple documents about pro-German white movement in the Western part of the Russian Empire.
(1918-1920; transcription in Russian)
Site contains fragments of the documents of the national policies of RCP(B) and how Russian Communistic Party of the Bolsheviks tried to establish power in Ukraine and reasons to create USSR.
(1918-1922; commentaries, transcription in Russian)
Site contains documents about situation of the workers at the factories:salaries, equipments, education, and health.
(1918-1932; commentaries, transcription in Russian)
Digital primary documents assembled at Mount Holyoke College.
(1918-1941; translations)
(1918-1991; images, facsimiles in Russian)
(1919; facsimiles in Russian and German)
Site contains multiple documents about rebellion of peasants against communistic regime.
(1919-1922; transcription in Russian)
Site contains documents about problems in the regions, famine 1921-1922, policy of RKP(b) about church, intelligentsia, political camps in the Northern parts of Russia, and nationalities. Site also contains documents about death of Lenin and changes among the leaders of the party.
(1920-1929; transcription in Russian)
Including treaties affecting the Hungarian border from the Treaty of Trianon to the Moscow Agreement.
Published by the Bureau of Intelligence and Research, US Department of State
(1920-1945; facsimiles)
Document is written by Trotsky and contains information how Army has to combine military and labor duties.
(January 15, 1920; transcription in Russian)
Document contains additional suggestions of Trotsky to RCP(b)about land and food policy during the military communism.
(February, 1920; transcription in Russian)
Site contains information, images, fragments of the documents about establishing communistic regime in Donbass.
(1920; images, commentaries, transcription in Russian)
Document contains order of RCP(b) about change. This document testifies about the beginning of New Economic Policy
(March 21, 1921; commentaries, image, transcription in Russian)
Site contains documents of famines in the region, testimonies about cannibalism, and governmental orders.
(1921-1922, 1932-1933, 194601947; facsimiles in Russian and Ukrainian)
Site contains documents about pharmaceutics and free trade during New Economic Policy.
(1921-1922; commentaries, transcription in Russian)
Site contains multiple letters of Lenin about Stalin and Trotsky and changes which should take place in the organization of the party.
(1922; transcription in Russian)
Site contains documents how Bolsheviks fought with political opponents in Siberia.
(1922-1923; commentaries, transcription in the Russian language)
(1924; image, transcription in Russian)
Site contains numerous testimonies about death of Lenin and Stalin’s attitude about Lenin’s heritage.
(1924; transcription in Russian)
Document contains personal attitude of Stalin about Trotsky which he expressed at the conference of the Trade unions of the Soviet Union.
(November 19, 1924; transcription in Russian)
Collection of documents from Stalin during his time as the leader of the Soviet Union.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(1941-1962; English translations)
Document gives data of the collectivization of peasants’ farms and areas under crops in percents.
(1927-1933; facsimile in the Russian language)
(Oober 19, 1928; transcription in Russian)
(November 19, 1928; transcription in Russian)
(20th century; English translation)
( 1928; facsimile in Russian)
(July 27, 1929; transcription in Russian)
Site contains documents of arrests, political accusation, and life in camps.
(1929-1953; transcription in the Russian language)
Site contains documents about famine 1932-1933, political repressions, and international relations of the USSR.
(1930-1939; transcription in Russian)
(January 5, 1930; transcription in Russian)
(February 27 – May 30, 1930; transcription in Russian)
Soviet political posters from the early 1930s promoting the First Five Year Plan (1928-1932) for industry.
Held in the Special Collections Research Center of the University of Chicago Library.
(1930-1932; color facsimiles and commentary)
(March 2, 1930; transcription in Russian)
Site contains documents of the cruelty of the Bolsheviks during the dispossession of the kulaks .
(1930; images, transcription in Russian)
Document contains letter written by Mayakovskiy before he committed suicide.
( April 30, 1930; images, commentaries in Russian)
(1930; transcription in Russian)
(1930 - 1933; facsimiles, text in Russian)
Site contains cases of the arrests of the Germans
(1930-1941; facsimiles and transcription in Russian)
Secret archives and family interviews from survivors of the Stalin Terror.
(1930s-1950s; Russian-language family archives, letters, diaries, personal papers, memoirs, photographs, artifacts, sound and video files, some English translations)
Site contains multiple documents about repressions, court cases, governmental orders, and personal letters.
(1930 - 1953; transcription in Russian)
(March 19, 1931; transcription in Russian)
Site contains rules and results of the collectivization in the region.
(July 30, 1931; transcription in Russian)
Site contains documents about famine and cannibalism in different parts of the USSR: Russia and Ukraine.
( 1932-1933; facsimiles in Russian)
Site contains fragments of the documents and commentaries.
(1932-1933; commentaries in Russian)
Site contains the article of journalist Gareth Jones in The Financial Times
(April 13, 1933; transcription in English)
Site contains document about repressions against priests and peasants.
(1933; transcription in Russian)
(1933; facsimile in Russian)
Site contains documents of interrogation of the witnesses of the Kirov’s murder.
(1934; images, transcription in Russian)
Document contains scientific interview with Krupskaya about Lenin.
(1935; transcription in Russian; site under renovation)
Site contains multiple official documents about policy of the USSR government (The People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs) towards Baltic countries.
(1935 - 1945; transcription in Russian)
(November 18, 1936; transcription in Russian)
Site contains Constitution of the USSR, Criminal Code, and national Anthem
(1936; transcription in Russian)
Document contains political details on the Civil War in Spain and has some counsel for the USSR.
(1936; transcription in Russian)
Site contains international and local legal documents of the USSR.
(1936-1948; transcription in Russian)
Document contains order about repressions: arrest and exiling in the camps kulaks, who were exiled previously in Siberia, people of different political movements, and just “anti-Soviet elements”
(July 30, 1937; transcription in Russian).
Document contains request from Yezhov to increase numbers of people for repression. Stalin allowed and increased numbers more than Yezhov requested.
(October21, 1937; facsimile in Russian).
Site contains lists of people who had been court marshaled in the USSR Supreme Court.
(1937-1950; transcription in Russian).
Digital primary documents assembled at Mount Holyoke College.
(1938-1945; translations)
Document contains information about territorial interests of both governments towards Poland, Baltic countries, and territorial lands of Western Belarus and Ukraine. Transcription of the document.
(August 23, 1939; facsimiles in German).

Telegrams in English translation from each day of the Russo-Finnish War.
Available also in the original Finnish and in Swedish translation.
(30 November 1939-14 March 1940)
(30 November 1939-14 March 1940; maps, transcribed documents, commentary, bibliography)
Document contains some personal entrances of the Russian volunteer in the Civil War in Spain.
(1939; transcription in Russian).
Site contains video about war between Soviet Union and Finland.
(November, 1939 - March, 1940; text in Russian).
(November, 1939 - March, 1940; facsimile in Russian).
Site contains multiple orders, maps, and images of the war
(November, 1939 - March, 1940; facsimile in Russian).
Documents from the archives of the German Foreign Office.
(1939-1941; English translations)
A collection of documents and agreements from the Avalon Project.
(1939-1941; English translations).
A collection of primary documents from the Internet Modern History Sourcebook.
(1939-1945; transcriptions and translations)
Official (mainly U.S.) government histories, source documents, and other primary references.
(1939-1945; English transcriptions and translations)
Documenting the uneasy alliances between Britain and USSR during the war.
From the archives of the BBC.
(1939-1945; facsimiles, video and audio files)
Site contains documents and photo documents of the relationship of Poland with Soviet Union and Ukrainian nationalists
(1939 - 1945; images, facsimiles, text in English).
Document contains official order of high governmental officials about execution of 25 000 Polish war prisoners.
(March 5, 1940; facsimile in Russian).
Site contains documents of the World War II and period after the war.
(1940-1949; transcription in Russian).
Site contains documents which testify about the destiny of Polish war prisoners .
(1940; facsimiles in Russian).
(22 June 1941; English translation).
Site contains document about exiling Germans to Siberia and Kazakhstan .
(August 26, 1941; transcription in Russian).
Site contains list of families who were exiled.
(1941; transcription in Russian).
Site contains fragments of the documents and images about execution of the Jews.
(1941 - 1943; facsimiles, images, transcription in Russian).
Site contains fragments of the documents and facsimile of the Jewish family.
(1941 - 1943; facsimiles, transcription in Russian).
Site contains governmental directives, orders, documents about lost in the war and personal cases of the solders .
(1941-1945; facsimiles in the Russian language).
(1941 - 1945; facsimiles, transcription in Russian).
Site contains journals and letters about World War II.
(1941-1945; transcription in Russian).
A collection of documents related to WWII.
From the Avalon Project.
Site contains documents written by Vlasov and commentaries about his service in the Red Army and Wehrmacht.
(1941-46; facsimiles in Russian).
(1941 - 1942; transcription in Russian).

Digitized newspaper "News".
(1941-1945; transcription in Russian; broken)
Digitized newspaper "Red Star".
(1941-1945; transcription in Russian; broken)
Digitized newspaper "Bulletin of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR".
(1938-1953; transcription in Russian; broken)

Documents that discuss Stalin's death and the resulting power struggle between potential leaders of the Soviet Union.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(1944-1962; transcriptions and facsimiles)
Collection of documents regarding international relations during the years just following World War II.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(September 1939 to January 1957; English transcriptions and facsimiles)
Site contains multiple orders, personal documents, data, and images of the battle.
(July 17, 1942 – February 2, 1943; maps, photos, facsimiles, transcription in Russian).
Site contains video where general Vlasov gives talk in Wehrmacht .
(1943; facsimiles in Russian).
Site contains documents of the conference between USSR, Great Brittan, and the U.S.A.
(February 4-11, 1943; transcription in Russian).
Site contains documents of the conferences between USSR, Great Brittan, and the U.S.A.
(1943, 1945; transcription in Russian).
Site contains orders of Stalin about the deportation of Tatars, Bulgarians, and people of the Northern Caucasus .
(1944; transcription in Russian).
Letters, treaties, memorandums, and similar documents regarding the Soviet development of nuclear weapons.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(1944-1991; transcriptions and facsimiles)
Official agreement by the United States, France, Great Britain and the Soviet Union for the establishment of an International Military Tribunal
for the "punishment and prosecution of the major war criminals of the European axis".
(1946; transcription)
Collection of documents regarding international relations and foreign policy of the Soviet Union, especially with the United States.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(1946-1991; transcriptions and facsimiles)
Documents regarding the relationship of the Soviet Union with the United States during the Cold War.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(1946-1991; transcriptions and facsimiles)
Site contains international and local legal documents of the USSR.
(1948-1956; transcription in Russian).
Site contains video-documentary movie about test of the first Soviet nuclear bomb.
(August 29, 1949; text in Russian).
Collection of documents regarding the relationship between the Soviet Union and North Korea.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(1949-1981; translations, transcriptions, and facsimiles)
Site contains multiple documents about situation in Hungary, with Pasternak, different economic and political circumstances in the USSR.
(1950 - 1959; transcription in Russian).
Site contains video and information about Stalin’s death.
(1953; text in Russian).
Declassified CIA documents analyzing Soviet (and Chinese) internal politics.
(1953-1973; PDF facsimiles)
Site contains documents of political, economic, cultural, and space development nature.
(1954-1964; transcription in Russian).
Document contains information about Stalin’s repressions.
(1956; transcription in Russian).
Site contains video-documentary movie about Sputnik.
(1957; text in Russian).
Site contains documents which reflects international relations of the USSR and important changes in political situation in the country.
(1960 - 1969; transcription in Russian).
(1961; transcription in Russian).
Site contains video and information about shooting down the demonstration of the workers in Novocherkassk.
(1962; facsimiles, images, text in Russian).
Collection of documents regarding the placement of Soviet missiles in Russia and the subsequent relations with the United States.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(August 1961 to January 1968, majority from October 1962; English transcriptions, facsimiles)
Site contains fragments of the documents of the economic reform.
(1965; transcription in Russian).
Site contains official documents about Leonov, who was the first man to spacewalk.
(March 18, 1965; facsimiles, images, text in Russian).
Collection of documents regarding the Interkit organization that dealt with policies toward China.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(1966-1988; transcriptions and facsimiles)
(March 18, 1965; facsimiles, images, text in Russian).
Site contains video about occupation Prague by the countries of the Warsaw Pact with the leading role of the USSR.
(1968; transcription in Russian).
Documents regarding the Soviet response to the 1968 Prague Spring.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(28 February to 26 November 1968; transcriptions and facsimiles)
Site contains information about dissidents and their work
(September 20, 1968; transcription in Russian).
Site contains fragments of the documents of the investigation about the death of Gagarin.
(1968; transcription in Russian).
Site contains 65 issues of the magazine which was not officially published by dissidents. It has all court cases, problems, and repressions which were sanctioned against dissidents in the USSR.
(1968 - 1983; transcription in Russian).
Site contains official governmental documents: constitution and international relations.
(1970 -1979; transcription in Russian).
(August 24, 1972; transcription in Russian).
Site contains fragments of the documents concerning conditions of Solzhenitsin in 1970s.
(1973 - 1974; transcription in Russian).
Site contains document about treaty between the U.S. A. and USSR about decreasing arming.
(November 24, 1974; transcription in Russian).
Site contains video about construction of Baikal-Amur Mainline
(1970-s; facsimiles, text in Russian).
Site contains document about treaty between Karter and Brezhnev about decreasing arming.
(June 18, 1979; transcription in Russian).
(December 26, 1979; facsimile in Russian).
(1985; facsimile video, transcription in Russian).
Document contains directions and ideas of the new development of the party and the country. Report was read by Gorbachev.
(February 25, 1986; facsimile in Russian).
Collection of documents regarding the collapse of the Soviet Union and the resulting changes in Eastern Europe and elsewhere.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(1986-1990; English transcriptions and facsimiles)

(December 1, 1986; facsimile in Russian).
Site contains conferences, orders, and resolutions about situation with Chernobyl.
(1986 - 2010, transcription in Russian).
Site contains investigation, data, and history of Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant.
(text in English and Russian).
Site contains multiple documents of the discussion and decisions of the members of the Central Committee of the Political Bureau about the situation of the Soviet troops in Afghanistan
(1979 - 1989; transcription in Russian; broken)
Documents on the invasion of Afghanistan that began December 1979.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(1968-2004; translations, transcriptions, and facsimiles)
Document contains requirements of the liberties and democratic changes.
(June 5, 12, 1988; facsimile in Russian).
Document was created by the committee about repressions which took place in the USSR in 1930-1950. Document was classified.
(December 25, 1988; transcription in Russian).
Document contains order to stop blocking waves of the foreign radio stations on the territory of Lithuania with reference on the order for all USSR.
(January 23, 1989; facsimile in Russian).
Documentation of communications between Helmut Kohl, George H. W. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev leading to German unification plans.
(November-December 1989; transcripts, memoranda, telegrams and phone records)
Document contains information about rehabilitation for the people who were repressed in 1930s-50s.
(December 11, 1989; transcription in Russian).
(April 24, 1990; transcription in Russian).
Document contains journal of the witness about putsch in August 1991
(August 19, 1991; transcription in Russian).
Site contains video reportage about events in Moscow in August 1991.
(August 19 - 21, 1991; text in Russian).
E-mail accounts of unsuccessful Soviet coup
(August 1991; transcriptions)
Document contains information about official recognition of the collapse of the USSR and organization of the new Union of the independent countries between Ukraine, Russia, and Belarus.
(December 10, 1991; transcription in Russian).

EuroDocs > History of Russia: Primary Documents > Russian Revolution, Civil War and USSR 1917-1991


EuroDocs Creator: Richard Hacken, European Studies Bibliographer,
Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA.
Feel free to get in touch: Hacken @ byu.edu
With special thanks to Natalya Georgiyeva for her help with this webpage.