Russian Revolution, Civil War and USSR 1917-1991

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EuroDocs > History of Russia: Primary Documents > Russian Revolution, Civil War and USSR 1917-1991


(1905-31 December 1918; Russian facsimiles and transcriptions)
Documents of October Revolution, Civil War, Red terror, regional movement, and directives of RSDLP(b).
(1910-1919; Russian transcription)
Manifestos, petitions and other political documents.
(20th century; English translation)
International and local legal documents of the USSR.
(1883-1936; Russian transcription)
Graphs representing 1917 election results, 'illustrating the relative appeal to Russian voters in 1917 of Bolsheviks and other leading parties."
(1917; English graphics and interface)
Lenin's decree on peace ending Russia's involvement in WWI. Published in Известие.
(English translation; October 27, 1917)
Treaty ending Russian involvement in WWI.
(March 3, 1918; English)

Documents from generals Karnilov and Denikin from their time in Southern Russian Empire.
(1917-1919; Russian transcription)
Government policy for obtaining grain from peasants.
(1917-1939; images, Russian commentaries and transcription)

Speeches and images of Trotsky.
Discussion of Trotsky's government activity.
(1917-1940; images, Russian commentaries and transcription)
Reports, telegrams, memorandums, and other documents about US-Soviet relations from the early days of the USSR to the Cold War (up to Cuban missile crisis).
Compiled by the Library of Congress.
(1917-1962; Russian and English facsimiles with English commentary)
Letters, memorandums, speeches, and other documents about Soviet programs (ranging from the Secret Police to Perestroika).
Compiled by the Library of Congress.
(1917-1990; Russian facsimiles with English commentary)
Images of fighting and major people of the 1917 Revolution.
(1917; images, English captions)
Project hosted by the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek in Munich which has key 20th century Russian and Soviet Union historical documents.
(1917-1991; facsimiles, German translations)
RDRLP (B) calls for revolution of workers and peasants.
(1917; Russian facsimile)
Order to military of Russia that they obey only the Soviet.
(March 14, 1917; English translation)


Lenin declares rights for national minorities of Russia.
(November 15, 1917; Russian transcription)
(18 December 1917; English translation)
Also available in Russian.
(18 - 23 December 1917; English translation)
Collection of digitized materials selected from the Harvard Project on the Soviet Social System (HPSSS), consisting chiefly of summary transcripts of 705 interviews conducted with refugees from the USSR during the early years of the Cold War.
(1917 to mid-1940s; interview page images accompanied by text files, manuals and guides)
Posters designed by V. Lebedev for the windows of ROSTA, the state news agency of Soviet Russia.
From Dartmouth Digital Library Initiatives.
(1917-1922; color facsimiles and brief descriptions)
Decree by the Central Executive Committee of the Congress of Soviets, followed Lenin's "Decree on Land." Both decrees were superseded by the 1922 Land Code.
(February 19, 1918; English translation)
(December 1918; English translation)
From New York Public Library's Digital Library.
(1918-1922; facsimiles of posters, placards and broadsides)
Documents from General Karnilov's time in the Southern Russian Empire.
(1918-1919; Russian transcription)
Documents about military communism.
(1918-1921; images, Russian commentaries)
(1918-1921; Russian transcription)
Outlines archives centralization system and their transition under Soviet governance.
(June 1, 1918; Russian transcription)
Images, information, and quotes from documents regarding Saratov court cases of Orthodox priests.
(1918; images, commentaries, Russian transcription)
Documents discuss pro-German white movement in Western Russian Empire.
(1918-1920; Russian transcription)
Documents quote RCP (b) national policy and discuss RCP (b)'s attempts to establish power in Ukraine.
(1918-1922; commentaries, Russian transcription)
Discuss conditions of factory workers: their salaries, education, health, as well as the equipment they used.
(1918-1932; commentaries, Russian transcription)
Primary source documents organized by Mount Holyoke College.
(1918-1941; English)
(1918-1991; images, Russian facsimiles)
(1919; Russian and German facsimiles)
Documents discusses peasants' rebellion against communism.
(1919-1922; Russian transcription)
Documents discuss 1921-1922 famine, other regional problems, and RKP (b) policies regarding church, minorities, intelligentsia, and gulags.
Documents from Lenin's death discussing party leadership changes.
(1920-1929; Russian transcription)
Treaties regarding Hungarian border: From Treaty of Tianon to Moscow Agreement.
Published by the Bureau of Intelligence and Research, US Department of State.
(1920-1945; facsimiles)
Trotsky's suggestions to the Army for combining military and labor duties.
(January 15, 1920; Russian transcription)
Trotsky's suggestions to the RCP (b) for land and food policy during military communism.
(February, 1920; Russian transcription)
Images, quotes from documents, and discussion of establishment of communism in Donbass.
(1920; images, Russian commentaries and transcription)
Between Russia and Turkey.
(16 March 1921; Russian transcription)
RKP (b) order replacing surplus grain tax.
Marks beginning of New Economic Policy (NEP).
(March 21, 1921; Russian commentaries, image, and transcription)
Documents discuss pharmaceutics and free trade during New Economic Policy (NEP).
(1921-1922; Russian commentaries and transcription)
Letters, by Lenin, discuss Stalin, Trotsky, and propose changes for party organization.
(1922; Russian transcription)
Written shortly before his death, Lenin orders the party to remove Stalin.
(1922; English translation)
Documents discuss Bolsheviks fight with Siberian political opponents.
(1922-1923; Russian commentaries and transcription)
(1924; image, Russian transcription)
Site contains numerous testimonies about death of Lenin and Stalin’s attitude about Lenin’s heritage.
(1924; transcription in Russian)
Stalin expresses his personal opinion of Trotsky at a Soviet Trade Union conference.
(November 19, 1924; Russian transcription)
Documents of Stalin during his Soviet leadership.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(1941-1962; English translations)
Collectivization of peasant farms and crops given in percentages.
(1927-1933; Russian facsimile)
(Oober 19, 1928; Russian transcription)
(November 19, 1928; Russian transcription)
(20th century; English translation)
( 1928; Russian facsimile)
(July 27, 1929; Russian transcription)
Documents discuss arrests, political accusations, and life in gulags.
(1929-1953; Russian transcription)
Documents discuss 1932-1933 famine, political repressions, and Soviet foreign relations.
(1930-1939; Russian transcription)
Issued by Central Committee of Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
(January 5, 1930; Russian transcription)
(February 27 – May 30, 1930; Russian transcription)
Soviet posters from the early 1930s promoting the First Five Year Plan (1928-1932) for industrialization.
From the Special Collections Research Center of the University of Chicago Library.
(1930-1932; color facsimiles and English commentary)
(March 2, 1930; transcription in Russian)
Documents discuss Bolshevik cruelty in the dispossession of the kulaks.
(1930; images, transcription in Russian)
Letter written by Mayakovskiy before he committed suicide.
( April 30, 1930; images, Russian commentaries)
Includes quotes from witnesses of dispossession.
(1930; transcription in Russian)
Cases of German arrests.
(1930-1941; Russian facsimiles and transcription)
Secret archives and family interviews from survivors of the Stalin Terror.
(1930s-1950s; Russian language with some English translations of: family archives, letters, diaries, personal papers, memoirs, photographs, artifacts, sound and video files)
Documents from court cases and discussing the repression, government orders, and personal letters.
(1930 - 1953; Russian transcription)
(March 19, 1931; Russian transcription)
Rules and results of Volga region collectivization.
(July 30, 1931; Russian transcription)
Documents discuss famine and cannibalism in Russia and Ukraine.
( 1932-1933; Russian facsimiles)
Quotes from documents and commentaries.
(1932-1933; Russian commentaries)
Financial Times article by Gareth Jones.
(April 13, 1933; English transcription)
Document discusses repressions against priests and peasants.
(1933; Russian transcription)
(1933; Russian facsimile)
Interrogation documents and witnesses of Kirov's murder.
(1934; images, Russian transcription)
Official USSR Baltic policy documents from the People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs (NKVD).
(1935-1945; Russian transcription)
USSR constitution, criminal code, and national anthem
(1936; Russian transcription)
Soviet constitution.
(English translation; December 5, 1936)
Details from Spanish Civil War with counsel for the USSR.
(1936; Russian transcription)
USSR international and local legal documents.
(1936-1948; Russian transcription)
Repression orders for arresting and exiling to gulags: kulaks, political dissidents, and other "anti-Soviet elements."
(July 30, 1937; Russian transcription)
Yezhov's request to increase number of people for repression. Stalin proceeded to increase the numbers by more than Yezhov's request.
(October21, 1937; Russian facsimile)
List of people court marshaled by USSR Supreme Court.
(1937-1950; Russian transcription)
Primary documents assembled by Mount Holyoke College.
(1938-1945; English translations)
Territory treaty between Germany and Soviet Union for Poland, Baltic countries, Western Belarus, and Ukraine.
Document transcription.
(August 23, 1939; German facsimiles)

Telegrams, translated into English, from each day of the Russo-Finnish War.
Also available in original Finnish and Swedish.
(30 November 1939-14 March 1940)
(30 November 1939-14 March 1940; maps, English transcriptions, commentary, and bibliography)
Personal accounts from Spanish Civil War of a Russian volunteer.
(1939; Russian transcription)
Video abour war between Soviet Union and Finland.
(November, 1939 - March, 1940; Russian text)
(November, 1939 - March, 1940; Russian facsimile)
Orders, maps, and images from the war.
(November, 1939 - March, 1940; Russian facsimile)
Non-aggression pact between the Soviet Union and Germany, including secret protocol.
(English translation, August 23, 1939)
Documents from German Foreign Office archives.
US State Department publication.
(1939-1941; English translations)
Documents and agreements from the Avalon Project.
(1939-1941; English translations)
National anthem of the USSR. Adopted in 1944 until 1991.
(Russian with English translation; 1944)

A collection of primary documents from the Internet Modern History Sourcebook.
(1939-1945; transcriptions and translations)
Official (mainly U.S.) government histories, source documents, and other primary references.
(1939-1945; English transcriptions and translations)
Documents the uneasy alliance between Britain and the USSR during WWII.
From the archives of the BBC.
(1939-1945; facsimiles, video and audio files)
Documents and photos of the relationships of Poland with the Soviet Union and Ukrainian nationalists.
(1939-1945; images, facsimiles, text in English)
Official Soviet government order to execute 25,000 Polish war prisoners.
(March 5, 1940; Russian facsimile)
World War II and post-war documents.
(1940-1949; Russian transcription)
Testimonies about the massacre of Polish war prisoners.
(1940; Russian facsimiles)
(16 June 1941-31 May 1945; Russian facsimiles and transcriptions)
(22 June 1941; English translation)
Orders to exile Germans to Siberia and Kazakhstan.
(August 26, 1941; Russian transcription)
List of exiled families.
(1941; Russian transcription)
Includes quotes from documents and images of execution of the Jews.
(1941 - 1943; images, Russian transcription and facsimiles)
Quotes from documents and facsimiles of a Jewish family.
(1941-1943; Russian facsimiles and transcription)
Government directives, orders, and document about those lost in the war.
Personal cases of soldiers.
(1941-1945; Russian facsimiles)
(1941-1945; Russian facsimiles and transcription)
Journals and letters about World War II.
(1941-1945; Russian transcription)
Collection of documents related to WWII.
From the Avalon Project.
(1938-1947; English)
Documents written by Vlasov and commentaries of his service in the Red Army and Wehrmacht.
(1941-1946; Russian facsimiles)
(1941 - 1942; Russian transcription)

Discusses the power struggle for Soviet leadership resulting from Stalin's death.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(1944-1962; transcriptions and facsimiles)
Documents discuss post-World War II foreign relations.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(September 1939 to January 1957; English transcriptions and facsimiles)
Orders, personal documents, data, and images of the Battle of Stalingrad.
(July 17, 1942 – February 2, 1943; maps, photos, facsimiles, transcription in Russian)
Video of General Vlasov giving a talk in Wehrmacht.
(1943; Russian facsimiles)
Documents from the conference between the USSR, Great Britain, and the US.
(February 4-11, 1943; Russian transcription)
Documents from conferences between the USSR, Great Britain, and the US.
(1943, 1945; Russian transcription)
(19 December 1944-August 1956; Russian facsimiles and transcriptions)
Stalin's orders for deporting the Tatars, Bulgarians, and people of the Northern Caucasus.
(1944; Russian transcription)
Letters, treaties, memorandums, and other documents relating to Soviet nuclear development.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(1944-1991; transcriptions and facsimiles)

  • Foreign relations between the USSR and the US
Documents from US State Department and University of Wisconsin-Madison.
1945
Hopkins mission to Moscow, 1945
Soviet resolutions on UN armed forces on non-ex-enemy territory 1946
US Antarctic policy and other countries' claims, 1946
1946
US policy for polar regions, including Iceland, Greenland, Alaska, and areas of Siberia, 1947
1947
1948
1949
1950
US trade policy with Eastern Europe and USSR, 1951
1951
1952-1954
US-Russia meeting about atomic policy, 1 May 1954
US State Department memo about USSR in regards to atomic policy
9 July 1954
3 November 1954
US-Soviet Atomic Relations 1953-1954
9 October 1953
6 December 1953
7 December 1953
21 December 1953
22 December 1953
29 November 1954
1958-1960
US establishes information and persons exchange with USSR, 1958-1960
1960-1963
Kennedy-Khrushchev exchanges, 1960-1963
U.S.-Soviet Space Cooperation, 1961-1963
1964-1968
January 1969-October 1970
October 1971–May 1972
June 1972–August 1974
August 1974–December 1976
(1945-1976; English transcriptions)

Official agreement establishing an International Military Tribunal between the US, France, Great Britain, and the USSR.
For the "punishment and prosecution of the major war criminals of the European axis".
(1946; transcription)
Documents related to USSR foreign relations and policy, particularly in regards to the US.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(1946-1991; transcriptions and facsimiles)
Documents regarding the relationship of the Soviet Union with the United States during the Cold War.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(1946-1991; transcriptions and facsimiles)
(1947-1960; Russian facsimiles)
International and local legal documents of the USSR.
(1948-1956; Russian transcription)
Documentary about testing the first Soviet nuclear bomb.
(August 29, 1949; Russian text)
Documents relating to relations between the Soviet Union and North Korea.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(1949-1981; translations, transcriptions, and facsimiles)
Documents about situation in Hungary, with Pasternak, and with other economic and political issues in the USSR.
(1950 - 1959; Russian transcription)
Video about Stalin's death.
(1953; Russian text)
Declassified CIA documents analyzing Soviet (and Chinese) internal politics.
(1953-1973; PDF facsimiles)
Documents about political, economic, cultural, and space development.
(1954-1964; Russian transcription)
Document about Stalin's repressions. Also available in English.
(1956; Russian transcription)
Documentary about Sputnik.
(1957; Russian text)
Reports from Morris Childs, an FBI secret agent, about the Soviet Union. Morris met with Mao and Khrushchev on some of his missions.
(30 August 1957-13 March 1960; English facsimiles and transcriptions)
Documents discuss USSR foreign relations and internal political changes.
(1960-1969; Russian transcription)
(1961; Russian transcription)
Video and information about shooting down the demonstration of the workers in Novocherkassk.
(1962; facsimiles, images, text in Russian)
Documents about the Cuban Missile Crisis and resulting Soviet-American relations.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(August 1961 to January 1968, mainly October 1962; English transcriptions, facsimiles)
Includes quotes from documents about economic reform.
(1965; Russian transcription)
Official documents about Leonov, the first man to spacewalk.
(March 18, 1965; facsimiles, images, text in Russian)
Documents about the Interkit organization that dealt with policies towards China.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(1966-1988; transcriptions and facsimiles)
Video about the occupation of Prague by Warsaw Pact countries lead by the USSR.
(1968; Russian transcription)
Documents regarding the Soviet response to the 1968 Prague Spring.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(28 February to 26 November 1968; transcriptions and facsimiles)
Information about dissidents and their work.
(September 20, 1968; Russian transcription)
Quotes from documents of the investigation about the death of Gagarin.
(1968; Russian transcription)
65 issues of magazine never officially published by dissidents.
Court cases, repressions, and problems for dissidents in the USSR.
(1968 - 1983; Russian transcription)
Video about construction of Baikal-Amur Mainline
(1970s; facsimiles, text in Russian)
Constitution and foreign relation documents.
(1970 -1979; Russian transcription)

Documents from the human rights group.
(1970-1985; Russian facsimiles)

  • The Diary of Anatoly Chernyaev (1972-1991)
Chernyaev served as a Central Committee analyst until 1986, when he became Gorbachev’s top foreign policy adviser.
These diary entries offer a valuable look into Chernyaev life and perspectives.
1972, 1972 English translation
1973, 1973 English translation
1974, 1974 English translation
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985, 1985 English translation
1986, 1986 English translation
1987, 1987 English translation
1988, 1988 English translation
1989, 1989 English translation
1990, 1990 English translation
1991, 1991 English translation
(1972-1991; Russian transcriptions, English translations)

SALT I documents from the State Department
Treaty between the Soviets and the US limiting offensive arms signed in Moscow.
Bans construction of ICBM launchers.
Includes protocol and treaty understanding.
(26 May 1972; English transcription)

(August 24, 1972; Russian transcription)
Quotes about Solzhenitsin's condition in the 1970s.
(1973 - 1974; Russian transcription)
Includes human rights observations of Lyudmila Alexeyeva, founder of the Moscow Helsinki group.
Also includes human rights reports from other groups such as the US State Department and the CIA.
(4 July 1975-20 December 1992; English transcriptions and facsimiles)
Reports, briefings, and memorandums for Carter about various Soviet dissidents.
(10 February 1977-5 October 1980; English facsimiles)
Reports and briefings for Carter regarding Soviet situation.
(24 August 1977-29 October 1980; English facsmiles)
(30 April 1978-23 August 1990; Russian facsimiles)
Treaty between the Soviets and the US limiting offensive arms. Signed in Vienna.
SALT II documents from the State Department, 1972-1980
Treaty Protocol
Memo of Treaty understanding
(18 June 1979; English transcriptions)
See also here.
(12 December 1979; Russian facsimile)
(28 August 1980-13 December 1981; Russian facsimiles and transcriptions)
Letters between Reagan, Gorbachev, Andropov, and Chernenko.
(23 August 1983-20 September 1988; Russian facsimiles and translations)
An "architect of perestroika." One of Gorbachev's closest advisers.
(20 October 1983-18 October 1991; audio recordings, Russian facsimiles and transcriptions)
Famous anti-soviet speech of Ronald Reagan delivered in Orlando, Florida.
(March 8, 1983; English)
Record of special Politburo session in which Gorbachev was elected.
(11 March 1985; English translation)
Reagan expresses hope for an arms solution.
(11 March 1985; English transcription)
Yakovlev prepared this for Gorbachev. Analyzes Reagan and his proposal for a US-Russia meeting.
(12 March 1985; English translation)
Discusses future Afghan policy of the Soviets.
(14 March 1985; English translation)
Gorbachev discusses meetings with foreign leaders.
Gorbachev calls war in Afghanistan a "bleeding wound."
(15 March 1985; English translation)
(15 March 1985-28 December 1988; Russian facsimiles and transcriptions)
(4 April 1985; English translation)
(1985; Russian facsimile, video, and transcription)
  • Letters between Reagan and Gorbachev
Gorbachev's first letter to Reagan
Gorbachev accepts Reagan's invitation to meet.
(24 March 1985)
Reagan's response
(4 April 1985)
Reagan's second response
Discusses SDI and difficulties in US-Soviet relations.
(30 April 1985)
Gorbachev's response
Demonstrates Soviet distaste for SDI.
(10 June 1985)
(English facsimiles)
Post-Geneva letter from Gorbachev
(5 December 1985; English translation)
Reagan's post-Geneva response
(Early December 1985; English facsimile)
Minutes from meeting where Shevardnadze was appointed.
(29 June 1985; English translation)
Politburo discusses economic policy and denies Andrei Sakharov's wife permission to travel abroad for medical care.
(29 August 1985; English translation)
(September 1985; English facsimile)
(Fall 1985; English facsimile)
  • Records from the US-Soviet Geneva Summit
First private meeting between Reagan and Gorbachev
First plenary session
Second plenary meeting
Mostly discussion of SDI.
Mrs. Reagan has Mrs. Gorbacheva for tea
Second private meeting between Reagan and Gorbachev
The leaders discuss possibilities of nuclear reductions and weapons in space.
Dinner hosted by the Gorbachevs
(19 November 1985)
Third Plenary Meeting
Mostly discussion of SDI.
Fourth Plenary Meeting
The leaders discuss drafting a joint statement about the summit.
Mrs. Gorbacheva has Mrs. Reagan for tea
Dinner hosted by the Reagans
(20 November 1985)
Yakovlev's handwritten notes from Geneva
(19-20 November 1985; Russian facsimile)
Excerpt from Anatoly Chernyaev's Diary on the Geneva Summit
(24 November 1985; English translation)
Gorbachev's speech at Communist Party of the Soviet Union conference
Gorbachev discusses the Geneva summit.
(28 November 1985; English translation)
Yakovlev outlines a proposal to change the Soviet political system.
(25 December 1985; English translation)
Suggestions for national and party development. Report was read by Gorbachev.
(February 25, 1986; Russian facsimile)
  • Preparations for the US-Soviet Reykjavik Summit
Gorbachev proposes a summit
Letter from Gorbachev to Reagan.
(15 September 1986; English translation)
Discussion of Reykjavik possibilities in a Politburo session
(22 September 1986; English translation)
Gorbachev discusses preparations for Reykjavik
From Anatoly Chernyaev's notes.
(29 September 1986; English translation)
George Shultz's memo to Ronald Reagan about preparing for Reykjavik
(2 October 1986; English facsimile)
Gorbachev's instructions to his group preparing for Reykjavik
(4 October 1986; English translations)
US National Security Council's analysis of Gorbachev's goals and tactics pre-Reykjavik
(4 October 1986; English facsimile)
Politburo session on preparations for Reykjavik
(8 October 1986; English translation)
Briefing book for US Secretary Shultz
(9-12 October 1986; English facsimile)
  • Records from the US-Soviet Reykjavik Summit
First meeting between Reagan and Gorbachev
Translated from Russian transcript. See US memo here.
Second meeting
See US memo here.
(11 October 1986)
Missile negotiations between US and Soviet military officials
(11-12 October 1986; English transcription and translation)
Third meeting
See US memo here.
Final meeting
See US memo here.
(12 October 1986; English translations and facsimiles)
  • The Aftermath of the US-Soviet Reykjavik Summit
Lessons of Reykjavik, State Department Document
(12 October 1986; English facsimile)
Gorbachev's impressions of the Reykjavik Summit
From Anatoly Chernyaev's notes.
(12 October 1986; English translation)
US State Department summary of Reykjavik Summit
(14 October 1986; English facsimile)
Gorbachev sums up Reykjavik in Politburo session
(14 October 1986; English translation)
Politburo session discussing expelled Soviet diplomats
(22 October 1986; English translation)
Politburo session discussing new SDI stance
(30 October 1986; English translation)
Memo for Reagan Post-Reykjavik
Reagan grants permission to be briefed on objections not fitting in with Reagan's expressed objective to eliminate all offensive nuclear weapons.
(1 November 1986; English facsimile)
National Security Decision Directive Number 250
Signed by Ronald Reagan, this document outlines what would need to be done to eliminate all offensive nuclear weapons.
(3 November 1986; English facsimile)
Politburo discusses Shevardnadze-Shultz talks in Vienna
Shultz did not wish to discuss ABM treaty terms in Vienna.
Gorbachev: "we have not yet truly understood what Reykjavik means."
(13 November 1986; English translation)
Gorbachev talks to Chernyaev about Reykjavik
(17 November 1986; English translation)
Gorbachev conference with Politburo and Secretaries of Central Committee
Discussion of Reagan's decision to abandon SALT II treaty.
(1 December 1986; English translation)
(December 1, 1986; Russian facsimile)
Documents about the collapse of the Soviet Union and resulting changes in Eastern Europe and around the globe.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(1986-1990; English transcriptions and facsimiles)

Conferences, orders, and resolutions for situation in Chernobyl.
(1986 - 2010, Russian transcription)
Investigation, data, and history of Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant.
(English and Russian text)
Documents on the invasion of Afghanistan that began December 1979.
Part of the Wilson Center's Digital Archive of the Cold War.
(1968-2004; translations, transcriptions, and facsimiles)

Conversation took place during Council on Foreign Relations Moscow visit.
(4 February 1987; English transcription)
Analyzes Council on Foreign Relations visit from earlier that month.
(25 February 1987; English translation)
(26 February 1987; English translation)
Records of conversations and related Politburo meetings.
(30 March 1987-23 September 1989; English transcriptions and translations)
See the rejected draft here.
(10 April 1987; English facsimiles)
(14 April 1987; English transcription)
(16 April 1987; English translation)
A draft by Anatoly Chernyaev.
(May 1987; English translation)
(7 May 1987; English facsimile)
In which Reagan declared "Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!"
Delivered in West Berlin.
(12 June 1987; English transcription, video, images)
(13 June 1987; English facsimile)
Gorbachev announces that the Soviet Union has agreed to destroy its intermediate-range missiles in Asia.
(9 July 1987; English translation)
  • State Department briefing papers for various negotiations with the Soviet Union
Nuclear and Space talks
Nuclear Risk Reduction Centers
Nuclear Non-Proliferation
ABM Treaty Compliance Issues
ABM Treaty interpretation
(11 August 1987; English facsimiles)
English translation
(28 October 1987; Russian facsimile, English translation)
(10 November 1987; English facsimile)
A memo by Robert M. Gates.
(24 November 1987; English facsimile)
A memo from Abramowitz (head of State Department’s intelligence and research bureau) to Secretary of State Shultz.
Speculates summit agenda "wild cards."
(28 November 1987; English facsimile)
  • Records from the US-Soviet Washington Summit
Memo of first conversation between Gorbachev and Reagan
Memo of second conversation between Gorbachev and Reagan
Record of first conversation between Akhromeev and Nitze at the State Department
(8 December 1987; English facsimiles and transcriptions)
Memo of third conversation between Gorbachev and Reagan
Draft memo of fourth conversation between Gorbachev and Reagan
Record of second conversation between Akhromeev and Nitze at the State Department
Record of conversation between Akhromeev and Carlucci at the Pentagon
(9 December 1987; English facsimiles and transcriptions)
Draft memo of fifth conversation between Gorbachev and Reagan
Memo of sixth conversation between Gorbachev and Reagan
Record of conversation between Akhromeev, William J. Crowe, and Joint Chiefs of Staff members at the Pentagon
(10 December 1987; English facsimiles and transcriptions)
  • The Aftermath of the US-Soviet Washington Summit
Summary of Shultz's briefing about the Washington Summit to the North Atlantic Council
Telegram says Washington summit “has taken us a gigantic step forward” on strategic arms.
(12 December 1987; English facsimile)
Chernyaev's memo to Gorbachev about the Washington Summit
(16 December 1987; English translation)
Gorbachev's presentation of the Washington Summit to Politburo
Gorbachev says that the Washington Summit built US-Soviet understanding more than than Geneva or Reykjavik summits.
(17 December 1987; English translation)

(22 February 1988; English transcription)
Gorbachev briefs Politburo of his conversation with Shultz.
(25 February 1988; English translation)
Gorbachev briefs Politburo of his conversations with U.S. Senators Sam Nunn and Carl Levin and talks between Defense Secretary Frank Carlucci and Defense Minister Dmitry Yazov.
(10 March 1988; English translation)
Gorbachev briefs Politburo of his conversations with Americans.
(21 March 1988; English translation)
(29 April 1988; English transcription)
  • Records from the US-Soviet Moscow Summit
First one-on-one meeting between Reagan and Gorbachev
(29 May 1988; English facsimile)
First Plenary Meeting between Reagan and Gorbachev
(30 May 1988; English facsimile)
Reagan's meeting with monks at the Danilov monestary
(30 May 1988; English facsimile)
Second meeting between Shultz and Shevardnadze
(31 May 1988; English facsimile)
Second meeting between Reagan and Gorbachev
(31 May 1988; English facsimile)
Agreements concluded at Moscow Summit
(31 May 1988; English facsimile)
Full list of attendees at Reagan's reception for refuseniks/dissidents during the Moscow Summit
(1 June 1988; English facsimile)
Moscow Summit Human Rights meeting
Includes discussion of concerning cases of human rights in the USSR.
(1 June 1988; English facsimile)
Gorbachev's reaction to Reagan's visit
From Anatoly Chernyaev's notes from a Politburo session.
(6 June 1988; English translation)
State Department's Brief on the Moscow Summit
Document summarizes the condition of the Soviet Union: "this is a time of great ferment in the Soviet Union, and it showed."
(8 June 1988; English facsimile)
Excerpt from diary of Anatoly Chernyaev
Chernyaev's discussion of the Moscow Summit demonstrates that it was not a high Soviet priority.
(19 June 1988; English translation)
Arbatov's analysis of the Moscow summit for Gorbachev
(June 1988; English translation)
Requirements of the liberties and democratic changes.
(June 5, 12, 1988; Russian facsimile)
(18 September 1988; English translation)
Gorbachev meets with his advisers to draft a UN speech. He desires to alleviate Western security fears and declare a new world order, one without an Iron Curtain.
(31 October 1988; English translation)
Chernyaev observes that Gorbachev is "clearly nervous" about the radical nature of his speech.
(3 November 1988; English translation)
Chernyaev suggests that though the military was not involved in UN decision making, Gorbachev present initiatives to co-opt the military as much as possible.
(10 November 1988; English translation)
Analysis after Gorbachev's surprising UN speech.
(November 1988; English facsimile)
(7 December 1988; English facsimile)
(7 December 1988; English transcription)
Document about 1930-1935 repressions in the USSR.
Was classified.
(December 25, 1988; Russian transcription)
Yakovlev's account of conversation.
Matlock assures Yakovlev that the new H.W. Bush administration would continue US policies for the USSR.
(26 December 1988; English translation)
Gorbachev objects to public announcement of numbers being cut so that the public will not learn the size of Soviet military expenditures.
(27-28 December 1988; English translation)
Order to stop blocking foreign radio waves in Lithuania.
(January 23, 1989; Russian facsimile)
(April 1989; English facsimile)
(23 September 1989-14 November 1989; Russian transcriptions)
Recommends that Reagan encourage US trade with Soviet firms.
(14 November 1989; English facsimile)
(17 November 1989; English facsimile)
1989 US Assessment of the Soviet Union for the next two years.
(18 November 1989; English facsimile)
Assessment of Gorbachev's priorities at Malta.
(29 November 1989; English facsimile)
Documentation of communications between Helmut Kohl, George H. W. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev leading to German unification plans.
(November-December 1989; transcripts, memoranda, telegrams and phone records)
Excerpts from George H.W. Bush's briefing book for US-Soviet Malta summit with Gorbachev.
(2-3 December 1989; English facsimile)
(2-3 December 1989; English translation)
(3 December 1989; English translation)
(5 December 1989; English translation)
Suggests rehabilitating the repressed of the 1930s-50s.
(December 11, 1989; Russian transcription)
(2 January 1990; English translation)
(April 24, 1990; Russian transcription)
(11 May 1990-15 June 1990; English facsimiles, translations, and transcriptions)
(19-21 August 1991; English translations and transcriptions)
(24 September 1991-17 December 1991; Russian facsimiles and transcriptions)
Journal from witness of the putsch in August 1991.
(August 19, 1991; Russian transcription)
News reports of Moscow situation from August 1991.
(August 19 - 21, 1991; text in Russian).
Accounts of unsuccessful Soviet coup.
(August 1991; transcriptions)
Treaty officially recognizes collapse of the USSR and an organization of a new Union of the independent countries of Ukraine, Russia, and Belarus.
(December 10, 1991; Russian transcription)

EuroDocs > History of Russia: Primary Documents > Russian Revolution, Civil War and USSR 1917-1991


EuroDocs Creator: Richard Hacken, European Studies Bibliographer,
Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA.
Feel free to get in touch: Hacken @ byu.edu
With special thanks to Natalya Georgiyeva for her help with this webpage.