History of Ukraine: Primary Documents

EuroDocs > History of Ukraine: Primary Documents


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Chronological commentary with links to primary documents from the Belorus past.
Includes relations and wars with France, Germany, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, and Ukraine.
(13th century to present; Belarus transcriptions, English translations, images, maps and commentary).

Document consists of journals, observations, and letters.
(10th century; Russian translations with commentary).

Including chronicles of Kyivska Rus, Galytsko-Volynske Kingdom, Cossack’s Chronicles, Hetmans’ Journals, Monasteries’ Chronicles.
(9th-19th centuries; Old Slavic, Old Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, and Latin transcriptions, commentary).

Including primary sources chronicles, texts, historical articles.
(9th-19th centuries; Old Slavic, Old Russian, and Ukrainian transcriptions, images, maps).

The document of the laws between Kyivska Rus and Byzantine Empire. Document includes crime, trade, immigration, and inheritance laws.
(911 A.D.; Russian translation; commentary).

The document of the laws between Kyivska Rus and Byzantine Empire. Document includes crime, trade, political, and military laws between two countries.
(944 A.D.; Rassian translation; commentary).

(11th century; Russian translation).

Documents have orders about tithing for princes and relations between princes and church court.
(11 century; commentaries, fragment of the documents Old Slavic language transcription in modern Russian letters).

Document of the laws of Kyivska Rus 11 century.
(11th century; Old Slavic language transcription; publisher: Ukrainian Academy of Science, Kyiv, 1935).

(11 century; commentaries, modern Russian language).

Document consists the offer of Vladimir Monomakh to Oleg Svyatoslavovich to make peace.
(11 century; commentaries, Old Slavic language transcription in the modern Russian letters).

Document consists the offer of Vladimir Monomakh to Oleg Svyatoslavovich to make peace.
(11 century; commentaries, Old Slavic language transcription in the modern Russian letters).

Document consists of written witnesses about schools’ existence.
(11-13 centuries; facsimiles, commentaries, Old Russian transcription and modern Russian translation).

The document of the Tatar-Mongol invasion on Kyivska Rus era.How Princes of Kyivska Rus lost the battle with tatars.
(13th century; Russian transcription).

Document describes invasion on Ryazan, Suzdal, and Kyiv.
(1237-1240; Russian translation).

Document shows relationship between Russian Princes and Khans.
(1246 century; Old Russian translation).

Map contains domain of Amadeus Aba over Ukrainian lands
(1301 - 1310; image)

Document contains conditions tax policy for people in Kamenets.
(1374; transcription in the Polish language).

Document contains conditions of the union between Poland and Lithuania.
(July 14, 1385; transcription in the Byelorussian language).

Document includes privileges for Catholic knights and feudal lords to manage their properties on their own choice and to arrange marriages. It lists their military responsibilities. Memorandum announces putting in operation new judges in the lands and deprivation of all privileges for non-Catholic knights and feudal lords.
(Vil’no, February, 20 1387; Russian translation).

Document includes privileges and obligations of Catholic knights and feudal lords on the territory of Polish Kingdom and Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
Document imposed Polish laws on nobility of both territories: Polish and Lithuanian.
(Gorodlo, October 2, 1413; Russian translation).

Document includes rights of Lithuanian and Russian dukes to manage their properties on their own choice, equal rights of judicial procedures for Lithuanian and Russian dukes and boyars, and obligation for the renovation of the roads and castles.
Document gives recognition to the Russian dukes and boyars and confirms all Polish privileges for them.
(May 6, 1434; Russian translation).

Document about decision of Lublen Seym to unite Poland and Lithuania in one country Rech’ Pospolita.
Document determines laws about king, Seym, money, and trade taxes.
(1569; Ukrainian translation).

Cossack’s rebellions 1591-1596

Site consists of multiple documents: letters, information etc of Cossacks rebelions
(1591-1596; Ukrainian transcription and translation).

Document contains articles about conditions of coexistence of Catholic and Orthodox churches
(1596; transcription in the Byelorussian language).

Document includes the order of Polish King to create registration of Cossacks. The document gives permission for certain amount of Cossacks, place for their settlement, their obligations and appoints the hetman over Cossacks.
Oath of allegiance of hetman Doroshenko and Cossacks.
(October 27, 1625; Ukrainian translation).

Document includes the order of Polish King to appoint Polish representative over registered Cossacks. The document limits Cossacks in their military activity.
(1638; Ukrainian translation).

Document tells about physical, religious, and economic domination of Polish nobilities over Ukrainians. Hetman appeals to Ukrainian men who live in Ukrainian cities to join Zporizhskyi Cossacks and to prepare to fight against Polish nobilities.
(March 20,1638; commentary, Russian translation, 1857).

Document contains apology of Khmelnitsky for captivity Polish high rank military officials.
(May,1648; Russian translation).

Document describes victories of Cossacks over Polish troops. Khmelnytsky appeals to Moscow Tsar, as true Orthodox Tsar, to go to take Polish throne and promises that Cossacks will serve and support him in it.
(June 8,1648; Old Ukrainian transcription).

Document lists complaints about economic oppression, high taxes, and robbing of Cossacks and other Ukrainian people by Polish nobilities and high military officials.
(July,1648; Ukrainian transcription).

Site contains numerous documents of Ukrainian government.
(1648 - 2000; facsimiles in the Ukrainian language).

Document contains praise to Aleksey Mikhailovich. It has a plea of Bohdan Khmelnytsky through his ambassadors to Aleksey Mikhailovich to help to protect Orthodox lands, modern Ukraine.
(November 12, 1652; Russian translation).

Document contains argument between Moscow Tsar and Polish King. Moscow Tsar reproaches Polish King for the persecution of Orthodox Church in Ukrainian lands and agrees to take Ukrainian lands under protection.
(October 1, 1653; Old Russian translation).

Document contains articles of agreement between Cossacks and Moscow Tsar. These articles are focused mostly on military and political responsibilities of both sides.
(March 21, 1654; Russian translation).

Document contains agreement of Aleksey Mikhailovich to accept all articles which were proposed by Cossacks on March 21, 1654. Document confirms freedom of Cossacks and their responsibilities to Moscow Tsar.
(March 27, 1654; Russian translation).

Document contains multiple confirmations that Cossacks are friends to the King of Sweden and are not going to join troops of any country to go against Sweden. Letters hint of a union between Sweden and Ukraine against any enemy who would threaten independence of Ukraine.
(July 13, 1656, November 16, 1656, January 18, 1657, June 21, 1657; Ukrainian translation, commentary).

Document contains agreement between Polish Kingdom and Ukraine. It determines rights of Orthodox Church, freedoms of Cossacks, and political and economic relationship between two countries. Document was signed by hetman Vygovskyi.
(September 16, 1658; Ukrainian translation, commentary).

Site contains documents which have suggestions about truce between Poland and Russia
( 1667; commentaries , transcription in the Russian language).

Document contains of information about Azov campaign.
(1696; image, Old Russian in the modern Russian spelling).

( 1700 - 1721; image in the Russian language).

Document consists the order of hetman to provide only two-day compulsory service for a landlord by peasants.
(1701; Ukrainian transcription).

Document consists of the invitation of Peter I to the people who fled away with Mazepa to come back to Peter with confession. These people will get all their possessions back otherwise they will be executed.
(November 7, 1708; Russian transcription).

In this document Karl XII prefer political accusation to Russian emperor and previous Moscow princes. He promised protection to the people of Ukraine who were under Russian reigning.
(December 16, 1708; Ukrainian translation).

(1709; transcription in the Russian language).

Site contains letter of Peter I to his wife Katherine I about victory of Russian troops
( 1709; facsimile in the Russian language).

Documents consist of the military and civil conditions, rules, and obligations of Russian troops in Ukrainian cities.
(July 31, 1709; commentary, Ukrainian translation).

Document contains constitution of Philip Orlyk, Hetman of Zaporozhskyi Vyisko. It determines political, economic, juridical, and religious aspects of life in Ukraine.
(April 5, 1710; Ukrainian transcription).

Document contains complaint about destruction of Ukrainian land and people by Russian troops. The document is signed by all Cossack military officials who plead Russian emperor to change the situation.
(1723; commentary, Old Russian transcription).

Document consists of the decision of Peter I to hetman Apostol about judgers, military affairs, taxes, and other economic and political affairs in the land of Ukraine.
(August 22, 1728; Russian transcription).

Site containes letters and reports of general-govenors and messangers about situation among cossaks and in Krimea
( 1732-1733; transcription in the Russian and Ukrainian languages).

Document contains information about wars written by the anonymous author.
(1736-1739; image, transcription in the Russian language).

Site containes letters of the atamans to the general-govenors and of Elizaveta to Cossacks.
( 1740-1753; transcription in the Russian and Ukrainian languages).

Document consists of order of Katherine to expel Jews from every city and village. It also has some instructions about trade.
( December 2, 1742; Russian transcription)

Documents consist of laws about Jews: condition for lives, restrictions, economic and political conditions.
(Commentaries, English language)

Site contains letters and petitions of Cossacks to protect their rights for possessions.
( 1755-1767; transcription in the Russian and Ukrainian languages).

Document consists the order of hetman to provide free moving of peasants from place to place with rejecting rights to take possessions with them.
(April 22, 1760; Ukrainian transcription).

Document contains the order to liquidate hetmanate and assign Russian military officials to rule over Ukrainian land.
(November 10, 1764; Ukrainian translation).

Personal documents, witnesses, economic agreements, journals.
(13th-18th centuries; commentary, Russian translation).

Site contains letters of atamans and corespondance with Novorosiyska gubernya.
(1770-s; transcription in the Russian and Ukrainian languages).

Document contains conditions and agreements between three countries.
(January 4, 1772; transcription in the Russian language).
Document contains conditions and agreements between three countries.
(July 25, 1772; transcription in the Russian language).

Document contains the history of the agreement between Russia and Turkey about the borders and rights of the countries on the sea and land.
(June 21, 1774; map, modern Russian language).

Document containes information about the realtions between Cossacks and other inhabitants of the Southern Ukraine.
( 1774; transcription in the Russian and Ukrainian languages).

Site contains numerous documents: letters, reports, and orders of Katherine II and her generals about problems of protection Southern boders and using Cossacks in it.
( 1776-1792; transcription in the Russian and Ukrainian languages).

Document contains the history of the situation in Crimea among Tatars, Turks, and Russian people.
(1777; image, Russian translation from Hebrew).

Document contains administrative, legislative, and economic settings for those who came from Crimea to live in the Azov area.
(May 21, 1779; image, modern Russian language).

Documents consist of conditions to enslave peasants and rights of the cities.
(May 3, 1783; Ukrainian translation).

Document grants benefits to the Russian nobles .
(April 21, 1785; image, transcription in the Russian language).

Document grants benefits to the cities.
(April 21, 1785; transcription in the Russian language).

Document contains the report of Potyomkin to Katherine the Great about construction of fortresses in Crimea.
(August 21, 1785; image, modern Russian language).

(end of 18th century; map, modern Russian language).

(December 19, 1795; transcription in the Russian language).

Documents an expedition in 1837 through southeastern Europe and the southern parts of the Russian Empire.
Information about the geography, history, archaeology, and peoples and cultures of the region.
(1837; facsimile French-language book)

(March 4, 1847; transcription in the Russian language).

(1851; image, facsimile in the Russian language).

Document consists of the order of Minister of the Interior of Russian Empire about prohibition to publish religious and educational books in Ukrainian.
(June 18, 1863; Ukrainian translation).

Document contains information about organization of the society, which played important role in the development of the modern Donetsk.
(July 31, 1869; facsimile in the Russian language).

Document consists of the order of Russian emperor about prohibition to import or publish any book in Ukrainian, to perform plays, and to teach Ukrainian in schools.
(May 18, 1876; Russian transcription).

(1877-1878; images, facsimiles, commentaries, transcription in the Russian language).

Document contains description of the factory.
(1889; facsimile in the Russian language).

Document consists of responsibilities of the employers and rights of the workers.
(June 2, 1903; Russian transcription).

Site contains video which has pictures of the battles and troops of the Russian Army.
(1914-1916; facsimiles in the Russian language).

Site contains treaties, orders, and other documents connected to the World War I.
(1914-1918; images, commentaries, transcription in the Russian language).

Site contains images of military group of Ukraine.
(1914 – 1920; facsimiles in the Ukrainian language).

Site contains numerous documents about history of military group in Ukraine.
(1914 - 1923; facsimiles in the Ukrainian language).

Site contains pictures of the troops, prisoners, and officers.
( 1915; images, commentaries in the Russian language).

Document contains testimony of general Denikin about Brusilov or Lutsk Offensive in the World War I.
(1916; image, transcription in the Russian language).

(1916; image, facsimile in the Russian language).

Site contains multiple documents of the general Karnilov and Denikin in the Southern part of the Russian Empire.
(1917-1919; transcription in the Russian language).

Site contains letters, memorandums, manifestos, and other documents written by Simon Petlura
(1917-1920; image, Ukrainian transcription).

Site contains information and fragments of the documents about governmental policy to obtain grain from peasants.
(1917-1939; images, commentaries, transcription in the Russian language).

Document was written by Ukrainian Central Rada and consists of proclamation of independence of Ukraine, creating parliament, and proclamation about lands .
(June 10, 1917; Ukrainian transcription).

Document was written by Ukrainian Central Rada and consists of decision to support Russian revolution movement, to create organs to lead the country, and to organize Ukrainian Army, which will support revolution movement .
(July 3, 1917; Ukrainian transcription).

Document was written by Ukrainian Central Rada and consists of proclamation of creating Ukrainian National Republic, political, national, and economic rights for people, and administrative organization of the country. The government expressed its support to help in creating free Russia.
(December 27, 1917; Ukrainian transcription).

Document was written by Ukrainian Central Rada and consists of proclamation of independence of Ukrainian National Republic from all other countries, political and economic position of the government in the country. The government called people to unite in the army to resist to all old regime and Bolsheviks’ formations.
(January 9, 1918; Ukrainian transcription).

Document consists of articles of constitution which was written by Ukrainian Central Rada.
(April 29, 1918; Ukrainian transcription).

(November 8, 1918; images, facsimiles in the Polish language).

Documents which proclaim independence of Ukraine by Ukrainian National Rada, union of Ukraine and Russia by Pavlo Skoropadskyi, and renunciation of authority by Skarapatskyi .
(1918; Ukrainian transcription, Russian transcription).

Site contains multiple documents of the general Karnilov in the Southern part of the Russian Empire
(1918-1919; transcription in the Russian language).

(images).

Multiple documents of history of Derictory.
(1918-1919; Ukrainian transcription).

Site contains information and documents about military communism
(1918-1921; images, commentaries in the Russian language).

Site contains fragments of the documents of the national policies of RCP(B) and how Russian Communistic Party of the Bolsheviks tried to establish power in Ukraine and reasons to create USSR.
(1918-1922; commentaries, transcription in the Russian language).

Site contains documents about situation of the workers at the factories:salaries, equipments, education, and health.
(1918-1932; commentaries, transcription in the Russian language).

Document consists of the official announcement of the union of all Ukrainian lands, which were under dominion of other countries.
(January 3, 1919; Ukrainian transcription).

Document consists of history of Derictory.
(Facsimiles, articles, Ukrainian language).

Document contains additional suggestions of Trotsky to RCP(b)about land and food policy during the military communism.
(February, 1920; transcription in the Russian language).

Site contains information, images, fragments of the documents about establishing communistic regime in Donbass.
(1920; images, commentaries, transcription in the Russian language).

Document contains order of RKP(b) about change. This document testifies about the beginning of New Economic Policy
(March 21, 1921; commentaries, image, transcription in the Russian language).

Site contains documents of famines in the region, testimonies about cannibalism, and governmental orders.
(1921-1922, 1932-1933, 194601947; facsimiles in the Russian and Ukrainian languages).

(1922; image, facsimile in Ukrainian language).

Document gives data of the collectivization of peasants’ farms and areas under crops in percents.
(1927-1933; facsimile in the Russian language).
(January 5, 1930; transcription in the Russian language).

Soviet political posters from the early 1930s promoting the First Five Year Plan (1928-1932) for industry.
Held in the Special Collections Research Center of the University of Chicago Library.
(1930-1932; color facsimiles and commentary)

Site contains documents of the cruelty of the Bolsheviks during the dispossession of the kulaks .
(1930; images, transcription in the Russian language).

(1930 - 1933; facsimiles, text in the Russian language).

Document consists of witnesses, pictures, and commentary about conditions which led to famine in Ukraine.
(1932-1933; facsimiles, images, English language).
Site contains documents about famine and cannibalism in different parts of the USSR: Russia and Ukraine.
( 1932-1933; facsimiles in the Russian language).
Site contains fragments of the documents and commentaries.
(1932-1933; commentaries in the Russian language).
Site contains the article of journalist Gareth Jones in The Financial Times
(April 13, 1933; transcription in the English language).

Site contains testimonies of the Belarus prisoners about life in the camp of Ukrainian, Byelorussian, and Polish people.
(1934 - 1939; commentaries, transcription in the Russian language).

Document contains information about territorial interests of both governments towards Poland, Baltic countries, and territorial lands of Western Belarus and Ukraine. Transcription of the document.
(August 23, 1939; facsimiles in the German language).

Site contains statistics of the repressions .
(September 1939 – May 1941; commentaries, transcription in the Russian language).

Documents consists of multiple agreements and pacts.
(1939-1940; English translation).

Documents consist of information about life of Jews in the different periods of time.
(Facsimiles in Russian, commentaries in English language)

Including treaties affecting the Hungarian-Ukrainian border from the Treaty of Trianon to the Moscow Agreement.
Published by the Bureau of Intelligence and Research, US Department of State
(1920-1945; facsimiles)

Site contains documents and photo documents of the relationship of Poland with Soviet Union and Ukrainian nationalists
(1939 - 1945; images, facsimiles, text in the English language).

The Plan of occupation of USSR which was created and signed by Hitler.
(March 13, 1941; Russian translation).

Document consists of announcement of the beginning of the war between Germany and USSR. Molotov addresses to people to unite to win in the war.
(June 22, 1941; Russian transcription).

Image of the period of World War II in Ukraine .
(1941; facsimile, English language).

Site contains fragments of the documents and images about execution of the Jews.
(1941 - 1943; facsimiles, images, transcription in the Russian language).

Image of the period of World War II in Ukraine in Zhytomir .
(1941-1944; facsimile, English langauge).

Concentration Camp Janowska in Ukraine

Image of the period of World War II in Ukraine, concentration camp in Lviv .
(1941-1944; facsimiles, English language).

World War II in Ukraine

Article describes in Ukraine during World War II using quotes from the documents and facsimiles .
(1941-1944; images, facsimiles, English language).

Image of the period of World War II in Ukraine .
(1941-1944).

(1941 - 1945; facsimiles, transcription in the Russian language).

Site contains documents, letters, declarations, political programs etc.
(1941-1945; images, Ukrainian transcription and translation).

Site contains documents, letters, declarations, political programs etc. Relationship of OUN-UPA with Nazi and USSR.
(1927-1955; Ukrainian transcription and translation).

Document consists of policies which Nazi government wanted to provide on the occupied territories of Ukraine.
(July 23, 1942; Russian translation).

Documents consists of order do not retreat even for one step, to create penalty battalions, and barrage troops which must shoot everybody who retreats .
(July 28, 1942; Russian transcription).

Site contains documents of the conference between USSR, Great Brittan, and the U.S.A.
(February 4-11, 1943; transcription in the Russian language).

Documents consists of assigning awards to military units for liberation Donbass from Nazi armies and congratulation to people.
(September 8, 1943; Russian transcription).

Document consists of pictures and commentary about activities of Shyptynskyi in World War II.
(facsimiles, commentary, English language).

Site contains orders of Stalin about the deportation of Tatars, Bulgarians, and people of the Northern Caucasus .
(1944; transcription in the Russian language).

Declassified CIA documents from Cold War Era Hard Target Analysis.
(17 July 1953; PDF facsimiles)

Site contains 65 issues of the magazine which was not officially published by dissidents. It has all court cases, problems, and repressions which were sanctioned against dissidents in the USSR.
(1968 - 1983; transcription in the Russian language).

Site contains conferences, orders, and resolutions about situation with Chernobyl.
(1986 - 2010, transcription in the Russian languages).

Site contains images, video, maps of the city Prypyat next to Chernobyl .
(transcription in the Russian, Ukrainian languages).

Site contains investigation, data, and history of Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant.
(text in the English and Russian languages).

Document was created by the committee about repressions which took place in the USSR in 1930-1950. Document was classified.
(December 25, 1988; transcription in the Russian language).

Proclamation of the independence of Ukraine

(August 19, 1991; Ukrainian transcription).

Agreement of Ukraine about creation of the Community of Independent States

Document is accepted by Verkhovna Rada. It discusses international rights of Ukraine and confirms its independence.
(December 20, 1991; Ukrainian transcription).

Site contains the main text of the constitution and amendments to the law.
(June 28, 1996, transcription in the Ukrainian language).

( December 3, 2004; transcription in the Ukrainian language).

Library of Congress guide to constitutional, legal and government documents.

Includes primary and secondary documents, provided by Don Mabry.
(Transcriptions, facsimiles and commentaries, mostly in English)

(Facsimiles).

EuroDocs > History of Ukraine: Primary Documents


EuroDocs Creator: Richard Hacken, European Studies Bibliographer,
Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA.
Feel free to get in touch: eurodocs @ byu.edu
With special thanks to Natalya Georgiyeva for her help with this webpage.